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Table 2 Multivariate model of pediatric severe TBI patient mortality *

From: Outcomes of pediatric severe traumatic brain injury patients treated in adult trauma centers with and without added qualifications in pediatrics — United States, 2009

  aOR (95% CI) P value
Age 0.936 (0.907–0.966) <.0001
Length of hospital stay (days) 0.821 (0.762–0.883) <.0001
GCS score 0.633 (0.600–0.668) <.0001
Trauma center   
 ATC–AQ 1.0 (reference)  
 ATC 0.896 (0.629–1.277) 0.5446
Sex   
 Female 1.0 (reference)  
 Male 1.249 (0.898–1.738) 0.1857
Race/Ethnicity   
 White 1.0 (reference)  
 Black 1.562 (0.967–2.524) 0.0683
 Hispanic 1.284 (0.876–1.881) 0.1998
 Other 1.914 (0.986–3.714) 0.0550
Insurance   
 Commercial and other 1.0 (reference)  
 Self Pay 2.102 (1.159–3.813) 0.0145
 Medicaid 1.241 (0.824–1.870) 0.3006
Trauma center level   
 Level I 1.0 (reference)  
 Level II 1.155 (0.797–1.675) 0.4471
Head AIS   
 3 1.0 (reference)  
 4 4.113 (2.406–7.033) <.0001
 5 32.231 (17.580–59.094) <.0001
 6 22.641 (2.521–203.370) 0.0053
Mechanism of injury   
 Falls 0.333 (0.173–0.644) 0.0011
 Firearms 7.780 (3.493–17.328) <.0001
 Motor vehicles 1.251 (0.807–1.940) 0.3175
 Struck by/against 0.399 (0.194–0.821) 0.0125
 Other 1.0 (reference)  
TBI type   
 SAH, SDH, EDH 0.797 (0.525–1.212) 0.2891
 Intracranial Hemm (other and unspecified) 1.024 (0.446–2.352) 0.9555
 Cerebral Laceration and Contusion 0.929 (0.541–1.595) 0.7881
 Other Intracranial Injury 1.675 (0.906–3.098) 0.1001
 No Mention of Intracranial Injury 1.175 (0.689–2.001) 0.5538
 Other 1.0 (reference)  
Presence of severe TBI polytrauma   
 TBI only 1.0 (reference)  
 TBI + non–severe injury 0.681 (0.428–1.083) 0.1043
 TBI + Severe injury 1.936 (1.175–3.188) 0.0095
  1. *Analysis sample derived from multiple imputation techniques. Treatment groups at ATC-AQs and ATCs adjusted with propensity score weighting.