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Table 1 Licensure status in relation to demographic characteristics, sample of 18- to 20-year-olds, United States, 2012

From: Driver licensing and reasons for delaying licensure among young adults ages 18-20, United States, 2012

  Licensure status*
  Driver’s license Learner’s permit Neither
  Row %
  All (n=1,039) 71 13 17
Age (years)    
  18 (n=329) 65 18 17
  19 (n=359) 70 13 16
  20 (n=351) 76 7 16
Sex    
  Male (n=468) 70 12 18
  Female (n=571) 71 14 15
Census region    
  Northeast (n=193) 64 13 22
  Midwest (n=261) 82 12 6
  South (n=316) 68 15 18
  West (n=269) 71 10 20
Place of residence at age 16    
  Out in the country (n=136) 79 14 7
  Small town (n=212) 68 17 15
  Medium-sized town (n=246) 72 12 17
  Small city (n=224) 71 11 18
  Large city (n=215) 68 11 22
Household income    
  <$20,000 (n=200) 48 22 31
  $20,000 – $39,999 (n=230) 53 15 32
  $40,000 – $59,999 (n=159) 71 16 13
  $60,000 – $99,999 (n=233) 82 10 8
  $100,000+ (n=217) 88 7 5
Race & ethnicity    
  Non-Hispanic white (n=632) 79 10 11
  Non-Hispanic black (n=96) 55 23 22
  Non-Hispanic other, incl. 2+ races (n=90) 75 15 11
  Hispanic (n=221) 57 14 29
  1. Notes: Row percents may not add to 100 due to rounding.
  2. *6 respondents who reported that their drivers’ license had been suspended or revoked were counted as licensed, and 12 respondents who reported that their learner’s permit had expired or had been suspended or revoked were counted as having learner’s permits because the focus of the study was license acquisition.
  3. 6 respondents with missing data on of place of residence at age 16 were excluded.