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Table 2 Injury severity of 1,172 falls by age, gender, location, attributed cause, activity and direction of the fall

From: Circumstances and outcomes of falls among high risk community-dwelling older adults

  Injury severity*
  None Mild Moderate or severe Total
  N = 782 (%)** N = 301 (%) N = 89 (%) N = 1172 (%)
Age group         
  65–74 316 (40.4) 100 (33.2) 19 (21.4) 435 (37.1)
  75–84 333 (42.6) 144 (47.8) 38 (43.8) 515 (43.9)
  ≥85 133 (17.0) 57 (18.9) 31 (34.8) 221 (18.9)
Gender         
  Men 386 (49.4) 104 (34.6) 22 (24.7) 512 (43.7)
  Women 396 (50.6) 197 (65.5) 67 (75.3) 660 (56.3)
Location         
  Outside 197 (25.2) 82 (27.2) 30 (33.7) 309 (26.4)
  In a public building 57 (7.3) 21 (7.0) 2 (2.3) 80 (6.8)
  Inside the home 528 (67.5) 198 (65.8) 57 (64.0) 783 (66.8)
Activity         
  Walking 214 (27.4) 80 (26.6) 27 (30.3) 321 (27.4)
  Standing up 100 (12.8) 25 (8.3) 8 (9.0) 133 (11.3)
  Stepping up or down (stairs/step/curb/ladder/stepstool) 55 (7.0) 38 12.6 7 (7.9) 100 (8.5)
  Reaching or leaning 61 (7.8) 12 (4.0) 4 (4.5) 77 (6.6)
  Turning or changing direction 48 (6.1) 20 (6.6) 6 (6.7) 74 (6.3)
  Bending or pushing 37 (4.7) 9 (3.0) 3 (3.4) 49 (4.2)
  Other specified 212 (27.2) 102 (33.9) 26 (29.2) 340 (29.0)
  Not specified 55 (7.0) 15 (5.0) 8 (9.0) 78 (6.7)
Direction of the fall         
  Forward 327 (41.8) 133 (44.2) 36 (40.5) 496 (42.3)
  Sideways 134 (17.1) 86 (28.6) 20 (22.5) 240 (20.5)
  Backward to sitting 174 (22.3) 27 (9.0) 5 (5.6) 206 (17.6)
  Backward and landing flat 71 (9.1) 39 (13.0) 12 (13.5) 122 (10.4)
  Straight down 17 (2.2) 2 (0.7) 2 (2.3) 21 (1.8)
  Other specified 12 (1.5) 1 (0.3) 0 0 13 (1.1)
  Not specified 47 (6.0) 13 (4.3) 14 (15.7) 74 (6.3)
Attributed cause         
  Lost balance, unsteady or wobbly 259 (33.1) 87 (28.9) 23 (25.8) 369 (31.5)
  Trip, caught foot, clumsy or tangled feet 208 (26.6) 100 (33.2) 26 (29.2) 334 (28.5)
  Slip 69 (8.8) 23 (7.6) 8 (9.0) 100 (8.5)
  Legs or hip gave out, rubbery legs or leg weakness 64 (8.2) 17 (5.7) 4 (4.5) 85 (7.3)
  Other specified 96 (12.3) 45 (15.0) 13 (14.6) 154 (13.1)
  Not specified 86 (11.0) 29 (9.6) 15 (16.9) 130 (11.1)
  1. *Mild: Reported injury but did not seek treatment; Moderate: Sought medical care for injuries excluding head injuries and fractures; Severe: Sought medical care for head injuries and fractures.
  2. **Rounding may result in totals slightly over or under 100%.