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Table 3 Generalized linear mixed model * of characteristics significantly associated with injurious ** falls among people aged 65 years and older

From: Circumstances and outcomes of falls among high risk community-dwelling older adults

Falls characteristic Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval
Age group   
  65–74 Ref –––
  75–84 1.7 1.0–2.8
  ≥85 2.2 1.2–3.9
Gender   
  Male Ref –––
  Female 2.1 1.3–3.4
Direction of the fall   
  Backward to sitting Ref –––
  Backward and landing flat 5.6 2.9–10.5
  Sideways 4.6 2.6–8.0
  Forward 3.3 2.0–5.7
  Straight down 1.7 0.4–6.9
  Other specified 0.6 0.1–6.1
  Not specified 5.1 2.4–10.9
  1. *Model included age-group, gender, location, number of days in the study, activity, attributed cause, and direction of the fall.
  2. **Injury severity (none, mild, moderate/severe) treated as a nominal variable.