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Table 1 Prevalence of childhood abuse and neglect in American Indians/Alaska natives, by year of study

From: Family and partner interpersonal violence among American Indians/Alaska Natives

First author year Population and data source Sample size Measure Prevalence
Lodico et al. 1996 9th and 12th grade students of a Midwestern state; 10% random sample of all white, African American, and AI/AN respondents with anonymous self-report survey of risk behaviors 494 AI/AN adolescents Lifetime sexual abuse by family 2%
Lifetime sexual abuse by nonfamily members 10%
Lifetime sexual abuse by both family and nonfamily members 6%
Lifetime any form of sexual abuse both genders 17%
Lifetime any form of sexual abuse in males 8%
Lifetime any form of sexual abuse in females 28%
Robin et al. 1997 Southwestern tribe; enrolled tribal members over age 21; semi-structured psychiatric interview 582 AI/AN adults Childhood sexual abuse occurring before 16 years of age in women 49%
≥21 years of age
Childhood sexual abuse occurring before 16 years of age in men 14%
Saewyc et al. 2003 2 cohorts (1992, 1998) of 9th and 12th graders in Minnesota public schools completing state-wide anonymous self-report survey of risk behavior 1992: 750 AI/AN adolescents Lifetime sexual abuse by family 3%
Sexual abuse by nonfamily members 8%
Lifetime prevalence of sexual abuse by both family and nonfamily members 7%
Lifetime any form of sexual abuse 18%
1998: 548 AI/AN adolescents Lifetime sexual abuse by family 3%
Lifetime sexual abuse by nonfamily member 10%
Lifetime sexual abuse by both family and nonfamily members 4%
    Lifetime any form of sexual abuse 17%
Duran et al. 2004 Outpatient primary care clinic at community-based Indian Health Hospital in Albuquerque, clinic-based sampling with self-report survey 234 AI/AN women age 18-45 At least one type of maltreatment in childhood 77%
Childhood neglect 63%
Childhood emotional abuse 55%
Childhood sexual abuse 44%
Childhood physical abuse 42%
Childhood sexual and physical abuse 28%
Libby et al. 2005 Southwestern tribe and 2 closely affiliated Northern plains tribes; stratified random sampling of tribal rolls computer-assisted in-person interviews Southwest tribe Childhood physical abuse before age 13 in males 7%
1,446 Southwest tribal members age 15-54 Childhood sexual abuse before age 13 in males 2%
Childhood physical abuse before age 13 in females 7%
Childhood sexual abuse before age 13 in females 8%
Childhood physical abuse before age 13 in both males and females males 7%
Childhood sexual abuse before age 13 in both males and females 5%
Northern Plains tribes Childhood physical abuse before age 13 in males 7%
1,638 Northern Plains tribal members age 15-54 (3,084 AI/AN participants total) Childhood sexual abuse 1%
Childhood physical abuse before age 13 in females 9%
Childhood sexual abuse before age 13 in females 7%
Childhood physical abuse before age 13 in both males and females 8%
Childhood sexual abuse before age 13 in both males and females 4%
Hanson et al. 2006 U.S. National household probability sample of 12-17 year olds with self-report survey 139 AI/AN adolescents Lifetime physically abusive punishment by caretakers 15%
Lifetime intrafamilial sexual abuse 4%
Lifetime extrafamilial sexual abuse 11%
Saylors and Daliparthy 2006 Residential and outpatient substance abuse treatment settings in urban Oakland and San Francisco, California; self-report survey 283 AI/AN women in treatment Childhood sexual abuse 56%
First incident at ages 1-5 37%
First incident at ages 6-10 37%
de Ravello et al. 2008 New Mexico prison system; self-report survey 36 AI/AN incarcerated women age 20-60 years Childhood sexual abuse 53%
Childhood physical abuse 42%
Childhood physical and sexual abuse 33%
Childhood physical neglect 22%
Hawkins et al. 2010 U.S. National household probability sample of 12-17 year olds with self-report survey 86 AI/AN adolescents Lifetime physical abuse by caretakers 15%
Welch and Bonner 2013 Oklahoma death review board files of fatalities attributed to child neglect; administrative data 47 AI/AN child death cases Fatality due to neglect 13%
  1. Abbreviation: AI/AN American Indian/Alaska Native.