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Table 1 State driver licensing policies in effect on January 1 of selected years in relation to driver age, 46 U.S. states, 1986–2011

From: Driver license renewal policies and fatal crash involvement rates of older drivers, United States, 1986–2011

  1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011
Renewal period State renewal period, years Mean (minimum - maximum)
Driver age (years)       
  40-54 4.1 (3–6) 4.2 (3–6) 4.5 (3–12) 5.3 (4–12) 5.5 (4–12) 5.7 (4–12)
  55-59 4.1 (3–6) 4.2 (3–6) 4.5 (3–12) 5.3 (4–12) 5.5 (4–12) 5.7 (4–12)
  60-64 4.1 (3–6) 4.2 (3–6) 4.3 (3–6) 5.3 (4–12) 5.4 (4–12) 5.6 (4–12)
  65-69 4.1 (2–6) 4.1 (2–6) 4.2 (2–6) 5.0 (4–8) 5.1 (4–8) 5.2 (4–8)
  70-74 3.9 (2–6) 4.0 (2–6) 4.1 (2–6) 4.7 (2–8) 4.8 (2–8) 5.0 (2–8)
  75-79 3.9 (2–6) 4.0 (2–6) 4.1 (2–6) 4.4 (1–8) 4.5 (1–8) 4.6 (1–8)
  80-84 3.9 (2–6) 3.9 (2–6) 4.1 (2–6) 4.4 (1–8) 4.4 (1–8) 4.5 (1–8)
  85+ 3.9 (2–6) 3.9 (2–6) 4.1 (2–6) 4.4 (1–8) 4.4 (1–8) 4.4 (1–8)
In-person renewal Number of states requiring renewal to be performed in-person: Every renewal (every other renewal, every third renewal)
  40-54 34 (6,1) 32 (8,1) 29 (10,2) 26 (13,2) 24 (17,2) 22 (20,1)
  55-59 34 (6,1) 32 (8,1) 29 (10,2) 26 (13,2) 24 (17,2) 22 (20,1)
  60-64 34 (6,1) 32 (8,1) 29 (10,2) 26 (13,2) 25 (16,2) 23 (19,1)
  65-69 34 (6,1) 33 (7,1) 30 (9,2) 26 (13,2) 25 (16,2) 23 (19,1)
  70-74 35 (5,1) 34 (7,0) 32 (8,1) 29 (11,1) 29 (13,1) 28 (15,0)
  75-79 36 (5,1) 36 (6,0) 34 (7,1) 31 (10,1) 31 (11,1) 31 (12,0)
  80-84 36 (5,1) 36 (6,0) 34 (7,1) 31 (10,1) 32 (10,1) 33 (10,0)
  85+ 36 (5,1) 36 (6,0) 34 (7,1) 31 (10,1) 32 (10,1) 33 (10,0)
Vision test* Number of states requiring a vision test: At mandatory in-person renewal (outside of mandatory in-person renewal)
  40-54 34 (0) 35 (0) 35 (0) 35 (0) 35 (1) 36 (1)
  55-59 34 (0) 35 (0) 35 (0) 35 (0) 36 (1) 37 (1)
  60-64 34 (0) 35 (0) 35 (1) 35 (1) 36 (2) 37 (2)
  65-69 34 (1) 35 (1) 35 (1) 35 (1) 37 (2) 38 (3)
  70-74 34 (1) 35 (1) 35 (2) 35 (2) 37 (3) 38 (4)
  75-79 34 (1) 35 (1) 35 (2) 35 (2) 37 (3) 38 (4)
  80-84 34 (1) 35 (1) 35 (2) 35 (2) 37 (4) 38 (5)
  85+ 34 (1) 35 (1) 35 (2) 35 (2) 37 (4) 38 (5)
Knowledge test Number of states requiring knowledge test at every in-person renewal
  40-54 2 2 2 1 0 0
  55-59 2 2 2 1 0 0
  60-64 2 2 2 1 0 0
  65-69 2 2 2 1 0 0
  70-74 2 3 3 2 1 1
  75-79 3 4 4 3 1 1
  80-84 3 4 4 3 1 1
  85+ 3 4 4 3 1 1
On-road driving test Number of states requiring on-road driving test at every in-person renewal
  <70 0 0 0 0 0 0
  70-74 1 0 0 0 0 0
  75-79 3 3 3 3 2 2
  80-84 3 3 3 3 2 2
  85+ 3 3 3 3 2 2
Reporting law for physicians* Number of states in which reporting by physicians is mandatory
  6 6 6 6 6 6
  1. Alabama, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Oklahoma, and South Carolina were excluded due to missing data on history of laws.
  2. *Data on vision testing & mandatory reporting law were excluded for Georgia for years 1986–1992.