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Table 5 Independent risk factors for short-term (2 months) EQ-5D dimension outcomes following a motor vehicle crash injury

From: Restriction in functioning and quality of life is common in people 2 months after compensable motor vehicle crashes: prospective cohort study

  Mobility Self-care Usual activities Pain/discomfort Anxiety/depression
Independent variable Odds ratioa (95 % CI) Odds ratioa (95 % CI) Odds ratioa (95 % CI) Odds ratioa (95 % CI) Odds ratioa (95 % CI)
Role in the crash      
 Driver 1.00     
 Passenger 0.46 (0.21, 0.99)     
 Motor cyclist (rider/pillion) 1.92 (0.70, 5.24)     
 Bicyclist 0.73 (0.22, 2.42)     
 Pedestrian 2.98 (0.97, 9.15)     
Marital statusb      
 Married/de facto    0.64 (0.35, 1.18)   
 Others    0.30 (0.13, 0.68)   
 Single    1.00   
Working for pay     2.09 (1.19, 3.67)  
Chronic illness    2.21 (1.31, 3.74) 3.09 (1.66, 5.76)  
Pain-related condition 3.47 (1.82, 6.63)     
Self-perceived threat to life    1.95 (1.15, 3.31)   2.17 (1.37, 3.45)
NISS (4–8)   2.11 (1.07, 4.16) 3.67 (1.43, 9.43)   
Whiplash     2.42 (1.38, 4.22)  
Fracture   6.17 (2.60, 14.6) 6.64 (1.45, 30.5) 3.37 (1.06, 10.7)  
BMI (kg/m2)      
 <20   1.00 1.00   1.00
 20–24.9   0.61 (0.22, 1.74) 0.34 (0.12, 1.00)   0.90 (0.35, 2.29)
 25–29.9   0.79 (0.28, 2.24) 0.41 (0.14, 1.23)   1.94 (0.77, 4.88)
 ≥30   1.74 (0.63, 4.81) 0.75 (0.24, 2.32)   2.30 (0.89, 5.29)
Admitted to hospital (≥1 night) 3.06 (1.71, 5.48)     
 Concordance index/AUC 0.71 0.73 0.72 0.68 0.66
  1. Wald chi-squared tests for logistic models and partial F tests for linear regression models
  2. aAdjusted for other covariates in the column