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Table 1 Respondents’ personal characteristics by presence or absence of linkage to firearms

From: Firearms and the incidence of arrest among respondents to domestic violence restraining orders

Characteristic Not Linked to Firearms Linked to Firearms P value
(n = 2,447) (n = 525)
Sex, No. (%)
 Male 1,958 (80.0) 481 (91.6) <0.0001
 Female 489 (20.0) 44 (8.4)  
Age, No. (%)a
 ≤24 379 (15.9) 39 (7.4) <0.0001
 25-34 684 (28.7) 123 (23.5)  
 35-44 702 (29.5) 148 (28.2)  
 ≥45 617 (25.9) 214 (40.8)  
 median (IQR) 36 (27–45) 41 (31–49) <0.0001
Arrest history, No. (%)
 None 1,535 (62.7) 264 (50.3) <0.0001
 Any offense 912 (37.3) 261 (49.7)  
Arrest charges for specific offenses, No. (%)    
 Offenses not involving violence or firearms 778 (31.8) 221 (42.1) <0.0001
 Domestic violence 466 (19.0) 133 (25.3) <0.0001
 Other violent or firearm-related offenses 574 (23.5) 173 (33.0) <0.0001
Number of prior arrest charges per respondent,b median (IQR)
 Any offense 7 (2.5-22) 6 (2–13) 0.008
 Offenses not involving violence or firearms 5 (1–14) 3 (1–9) 0.003
 Domestic violence 1 (0–2) 1 (0–1) 0.50
 Other violent or firearm-related offenses 2 (1–5) 2 (1–4) 0.33
Years from most recent arrest to date of restraining order,b No. (%)
 0-5 756 (82.9) 197 (75.5) 0.016
 6+ 156 (17.1) 64 (24.5)  
 median (IQR) 0.7 (0.06-2.9) 1.1(0.07-4.9)  
Pre-existing firearms prohibition,b No. (%)
 Y 461 (50.5) 117 (44.8) 0.11
 N 451 (49.6) 144 (55.2)  
  1. Note. IQR = interquartile range
  2. aAge is missing for 66 individuals
  3. bResults are for respondents with prior arrests