Skip to main content

Table 2 Incidence of arrest among respondents by personal characteristics, restraining order service, linkage to firearms, and firearm recovery

From: Firearms and the incidence of arrest among respondents to domestic violence restraining orders

Characteristic Respondents with new arrestsa, no. (%)
Any offense P value Offenses not involving violence or firearms P value Domestic violence P value Other violent or firearm-related offenses P value
All respondents (n = 2,972) 625 (21.0)   507 (17.1)   238 (8.0)   229 (7.7)  
Sex
 Male (n = 2,439) 544 (22.3) 0.0003 441 (18.1) 0.0015 209 (8.6) 0.0159 209 (8.6) 0.0002
 Female (n = 533) 81 (15.2)   66 (12.4)   29 (5.4) (3.8)   20 (3.8)  
Ageb, years
 ≤24 (n = 418) 107 (25.6) 0.0006 84 (20.1) 0.0008 37 (8.9) 0.1245 41 (9.8) 0.0333
 25-34 (n = 807) 198 (24.5)   166 (20.6)   78 (9.7)   73 (9.1)  
 35-44 (n = 850) 176 (20.7)   145 (17.1)   69 (8.1)   67 (7.9)  
 ≥45 (n = 831) 144 (17.3)   112 (13.5)   54 (6.5)   48 (5.8)  
Arrest history
 None (n = 1,799) 68 (3.8) <0.0001 42 (2.3) <0.0001 33 (1.8) <0.0001 15 (0.8) <0.0001
 Any offense (n = 1,173) 557 (47.5)   465 (39.6)   205 (17.5)   214 (18.2)  
Number of prior arrest chargesc
Any offense
 1-2 (n = 299) 73 (24.4) <0.0001 57 (19.1) <0.0001 23 (7.7) <0.0001 28 (9.4) <0.0001
 3-9 (n = 378) 152 (40.2)   123 (32.5)   66 (17.5)   47 (12.4)  
 10+ (n = 496) 332 (66.9)   285 (57.5)   116 (23.4)   139 (28.0)  
Offenses not involving violence or firearms
 1 (n = 194) 56 (28.9) <0.0001 41 (21.1) <0.0001 18 (9.3) 0.0002 21 (10.8) 0.0003
 2+ (n = 805) 463 (57.5)   397 (49.3)   169 (21.0)   180 (22.4)  
Domestic violence
 1 (n = 312) 127 (40.7) 0.0027 102 (32.7) 0.0210 55 (17.6) 0.0153 53 (17.0) 0.0322
 2+ (n = 287) 152 (53.0)   120 (41.8)   74 (25.8)   69 (24.0)  
Other violent or firearm-related offenses
 1 (n = 229) 104 (45.4) 0.0057 84 (36.7) 0.0061 40 (17.5) 0.4044 32 (14.0) 0.0004
 2+ (n = 518) 292 (56.4)   246 (47.5)   104 (20.1)   133 (25.7)  
Time from most recent arrest to date of restraining orderc, years
 0-5 (n = 953) 499 (52.4) <0.0001 424 (44.5) <0.0001 184 (19.3) 0.0006 193 (20.3) 0.0002
 6+ (n = 220) 58 (26.7)   41 (18.6)   21 (9.6)   21 (9.6)  
Pre-existing firearms prohibitionc
 Y (n = 578) 335 (58.0) <0.0001 288 (49.8) <0.0001 117 (20.2) 0.0140 130 (22.5) 0.0002
 N (n = 595) 222 (37.3)   177 (29.8)   88 (14.8)   84 (14.1)  
Order served
 Y (n = 1,677) 387 (23.1) 0.0018 314 (18.7) 0.0060 162 (9.7) 0.0002 143 (8.5) 0.0559
 N (n = 1,295) 238 (18.4)   193 (14.9)   76 (5.9)   86 (6.6)  
Linked to firearms  
 Y (n = 525) 108 (20.6) 0.7765 84 (16.0) 0.4770 37 (7.1) 0.3716 41 (7.8) 0.9213
 N (n = 2447) 517 (21.1)   423 (17.3)   201 (8.2)   188 (7.7)  
Firearms recoveredd  
 Y (n = 119) 14 (11.8) 0.005 8 (6.7) 0.0027 9 (7.6) 0.9661 6 (5.0) 0.1426
 N (n = 242) 59 (24.4)   45 (18.6)   18 (7.4)   23 (9.5)  
  1. aA respondent may have arrests for several types of offenses
  2. bAge was missing for 66 individuals
  3. cResults are for respondents with prior arrests
  4. dResults are for 361 respondents who were linked to firearms and whose orders were served