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Table 3 For all subjects, multivariate associations between risk of incident arrest and respondent characteristics, prior criminal history, restraining order service, and linkage to firearmsa

From: Firearms and the incidence of arrest among respondents to domestic violence restraining orders

Order-recovery status and respondent characteristic Risk of incident arrest
Any offense Offenses not involving violence or firearms Domestic violence Other violent or firearm-related offenses
OR P value OR P value OR P value OR P value
(95 % CI) (95 % CI) (95 % CI) (95 % CI)
Sex
 Male (n = 2,439) 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 0.8975 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 0.8651 1.1 (0.7-1.7) 0.6028 1.7 (1.0-2.8) 0.0516
 Female (n = 533) Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent  
Ageb, years
 ≤24 (n = 418) 2.7 (1.9-4.0) <0.0001 2.4 (1.6-3.7) <0.0001 1.5 (1.0-2.5) 0.1759 2.5 (1.5-4.1) 0.0023
 25-34 (n = 807) 1.5 (1.1-2.0)   1.5 (1.1-2.1)   1.3 (0.9-2.0)   1.4 (0.9-2.2)  
 35-44 (n = 850) 1.0 (0.7-1.3)   1.0 (0.7-1.4)   1.0 (0.7-1.6)   1.1 (0.8-1.7)  
 ≥45 (n = 831) Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent  
Prior arrest charges
 10+ (n = 496) 69.8 (50.0-97.3) <0.0001 77.1 (52.8-112.5) <0.0001 16.8 (11.2-25.4) <0.0001 51.3 (29.4-89.3) <0.0001
 3-9 (n = 378) 22.9 (16.3-32.3)   27.7 (18.7-41.1)   12.5 (8.0-19.6)   18.7 (10.2-34.2)  
 1-2 (n = 299) 11.5 (7.9-16.9)   14.3 (9.2-22.3)   5.2 (3.0-9.2)   15.4 (8.0-29.8)  
 None (n = 1799) Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent  
Time from most recent arrest charge to date of restraining order c, years
 0-5 (n = 953) 1.8 (1.2-2.5) 0.0091 2.1(1.4-3.1) 0.0002 1.5 (0.9-2.5) 0.0967 1.5 (0.9-2.5) 0.1360
 6+ (n = 220) Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent  
Order served
 Y (n = 1,677) 1.2 (1.0-1.5) 0.0881 1.2 (1.0-1.6) 0.1213 1.6 (1.2-2.2) 0.0018 1.2 (0.9-1.6) 0.3123
 N (n = 1,295) Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent  
Linked to firearms
 Y (n = 525) 0.8 (0.6-1.1) 0.1069 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 0.0802 0.7 (0.5-1.0) 0.0609 0.9 (0.6-1.4) 0.6634
 N (n = 2,447) Referent   Referent   Referent   Referent  
Follow-up time, per month
  1.0 (1.0-1.0) <0.0001 1.0 (1.0-1.1) <0.0001 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 0.0039 1.0 (1.0-1.0) <0.0001
  1. aModel includes all variables in table
  2. bAge was missing for 66 individuals
  3. cResults are for respondents with prior arrests. Pre-existing firearm prohibition status and number of prior arrest charges were highly correlated and could not both be entered into the model