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Table 1 Cohort characteristics

From: Race and rehabilitation following spinal cord injury: equality of access for American Indians/Alaska Natives compared to other racial groups

Parameter Entire sample AI/AN Non-AI/AN P value
Age (years) 38.3 ± 14.4 (range 15–64) 35.9 ± 12.8 38.3 ± 14.5 0.001
Gender (male) 22,606 (76.8 %) 224 (70.4 %) 22,382 (76.9 %) <0.001
Race     
 American Indian/Alaska Native 318 (1.1 %)    
 White 18,423 (62.6 %)    
 Black or African American 5600 (19.0 %)    
 Asian 572 (1.9 %)    
 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 114 (0.4 %)    
 Hispanic 3700 (12.6 %)    
 Other 706 (2.4 %)    
Insurance     <0.001
 Private insurance 14,764 (50.2 %) 94 (29.6 %) 14,670 (50.4 %)  
 Uninsured 5671 (19.3 %) 50 (15.7 %) 5621 (19.3 %)  
 Medicaid 4926 (16.7 %) 93 (29.2 %) 4833 (16.6 %)  
 Medicare 1355 (4.6 %) 13 (4.1 %) 1342 (4.6 %)  
 Other 1582 (5.4 %) 13 (4.1 %) 1569 (5.4 %)  
 Other government 1135 (3.9 %) 55 (17.3 %) 1080 (3.7 %)  
Rehabilitation service (Y) 15,417 (52.4 %) 203 (63.8 %) 15,214 (52.3 %) <0.001
Probability of death 0.11 ± 0.15 (range 0.00–0.98) 0.14 ± 0.15 0.11 ± 0.15 0.001
HLOS (days) 14.4 ± 18.2 (range 1–314) 17.3 ± 17.5 14.4 ± 18.2 0.004
ICULOS (days) 10.3 ± 13.3 (range 1–314) 11.6 ± 11.9 10.3 ± 13.3 0.109
Ventilation (days) 14.0 ± 17.0 (range 1–219) 13.9 ± 13.7 14.0 ± 17.1 0.970
Discharge destination     0.001
 Rehabilitation, long-term care 13,866 (47.1 %) 179 (55.9 %) 13,687 (47.0 %)  
 Home without services 11,884 (40.4 %) 100 (31.4 %) 11,784 (40.5 %)  
 Home with services 886 (3.0 %) 3 (0.9 %) 883 (3.0 %)  
 Skilled nursing facility 1551 (5.3 %) 25 (7.9 %) 1526 (5.2 %)  
 Transfer to short-term general hospital 856 (2.9 %) 10 (3.1 %) 846 (2.9 %)  
 Transfer to acute care center 211 (0.7 %) 2 (0.6 %) 209 (0.7 %)  
 Left against medical advice 179 (0.7 %) 0 179 (0.7 %)  
  1. Mean ± SD or count (%)