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Table 1 Descriptive data of Russian federal regions, 2004–2011a

From: Economic development and road traffic fatalities in Russia: analysis of federal regions 2004–2011

Variables All eligible 73 (n = 584) Studied 67 regions for GRP-RTF (n = 505)b Studied 66 regions for GRP-CFR (n = 512)c
Mean±SD Mean±SD Mean±SD
Road safety variables    
 Road traffic fatality (RTF) rate, per 1000 person-years 0.2±0.08 0.2±0.06 0.2±0.07
 Crash fatality ratio (CFR), fatalities per crash 0.2±0.05 0.1±0.04 0.1±0.03
 Road traffic crash rate, per 1000 person-years 1.6±0.4 1.6±0.4 1.6±0.4
 Road traffic injury rate, per 1000 person-years 2.0±0.6 2.0±0.5 2.0±0.5
Main socioeconomic variables    
 Gross regional product (GRP) per capita, 1000 RUB 154.5±224.6 96.3±38.5 97.1±38.0
 Territory, 1000 km2 237.5±487.4 194.1±442.9 191.7±440.2
 Population, end of year, 1000 persons 1798.2±1688.9 1727.6±1262.5 1768.8±1324.2
 Number of privately owned cars per 1000 persons 189.4±48.9 188.9±44.6 189.9±43.8
 Number of public buses per 100,000 persons 49.2±30.8 44.3±22.1 44.8±22.2
 Length of public motor roads with hard surface, 1000 kmd 8.0±5.4 8.4±5.2 8.6±5.2
 Number of physicians of all specialties, 1000 9.0±11.1 8.3±6.7 8.4±6.8
 Consolidated budget expenditure on health care and physical wellness per capita, 1000 RUB 3.7±3.0 2.9±1.4 3.0±1.4
  1. RUB Russian Ruble, km 2 square kilometer, km kilometer
  2. aAll monetary variables are converted to comparable price of 2004
  3. bObservations were excluded for extreme values of GRP per capita (>226,000 RUB) or RTF rate (<53 or >326 per 1000 person-years)
  4. cObservations were excluded for extreme values of GRP per capita (>226,000 RUB) or CFR (<0.04 or >0.25 fatalities per crash)
  5. dNo data of length of roads for Moscow City and St. Petersburg City