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Table 1 Characteristics of included papers

From: Unintentional injuries in children with disabilities: a systematic review and meta-analysis

First author/year Design Data source Age Definition and type of disability Pre-existing disability determination Definition and type of injury % injured with disabilities/without disabilitiesa Quality assessmentb
Dunne RG, 1993 CC National Health Interview Survey, 1988 0–17 years Developmental disability, mainly cognitive disability Developmental delays not likely the result of injury Injury requiring medical attention in past 12 months reported by care giver 28.7/26.2 % 17–19
Leland NL, 1994 CO Preschool children in two day care programs 30–72 months Medical diagnosis of physical or cognitive disability; 63 % with cognitive disability Enrolled in one of two day care programs based on disability Day care injury logs as required by state law 4.8/2.5 % 20–21
Sherrard J, 2002 CO Australian Child and Adolescent Development program, 1990–1991 and 1995–1996 4–18 years Cognitive disability, intelligence quotient <70 Biopsychosocial data collected in 1990–1991, injury assessed in 1995–1996 Medically attended injuries in past 12 months reported by care giver 19–20
Xiang H, 2005 CS National Health Interview Survey, 2000–2002 5–17 years ICF—limitations in social activities because of chronic physical or mental conditions Disabling condition for at least 1 year before the interview Medically attended injuries in past 3 months 4.1/2.5 % 21–21
Slayter EM, 2006 CS Medicaid-eligible children in 26 states, 1999 eligibility and claims data 1–20 years Cognitive disability, ICD-9-CM codes 317–319 Cognitive disability codes unrelated to injury ICD-9-CM injury codes in Medicaid claims data 36.9/23.5 % 20–22
Chen G, 2007 CS Ohio Medicaid claims data 2002 0–12 years ICF—limitations in social activities because of chronic physical or mental conditions Medicaid designated disability, limitations as the result of a chronic condition ICD-9-CM codes for burns 940–949 1.03/0.77 % 20–22
Mann JR, 2007 CS South Carolina Medicaid claims data, 2002–2003 1–18 years Hearing loss, ICD-9-CM codes 389.0–389.9 Hearing loss diagnosis in both 2002 and 2003, injury in 2003 ICD-9-CM codes for injuries, Barell Matrix categories 17.7/8.6 % 21–21
Lee LC, 2008 CS National Survey of Children’s Health, 2003–2004 3–5 years Learning disability Disabilities unrelated to injury Medically attended injuries in the past year 16.6/12.2 % 20–22
Sinclair SA, 2008 CS National Health Interview Survey, 1997–2005 0–17 years ICF—limitations in activities, excluding those with multiple disabilities Excluded children who had an injury less than 1 year before the interview that resulted in a disability Medically attended injuries in past 3 months 3.8/2.5 % 21–21
Raman SR, 2009 CS Health behavior in school-age children survey, Canada 2002 Grades 6–10 ICF—long-term disability with participation and activity limitations Disability is reported to be long term, past year injuries with reported consequences Student self-report of medically attended injuries in the past 12 months 67.4/51.4 % 20–20
Ramirez M, 2010 CO 35 schools in urban district of Los Angeles, 1994–1998, n = 147,460 5–19 years Qualified for special education services by California Department of Education Students enrolled for services, subsequent school injuries Injuries during school activities 3.8/1.5 % 19–21
Brenner RA, 2013 CS National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, 2006–2007 0–17 years Autism, blindness, cerebral palsy, deafness or trouble hearing, intellectual disability, ADD, ADHD, learning disability Caregivers surveyed, disabilities unrelated to injury All non-work unintentional injuries 10.4/10.5 % 19–20
Tsang SL, 2012 CS Students in 2 mainstream and 3 special schools 6–12 years Cognitive disability, intelligence quotient <70 Caregivers surveyed, disability unrelated to injury Unintentional household injuries; home 61.6/32.0 % 19–19
Zhu HP, 2012 CS Registry database of China Disabled Persons’ Federation 1–14 years ICF Causes of limitations were known All medical attention injuries in the past year; home, school, other locations 10.2/4.4 % 20–20
Othman N, 2013 CC Burn center and admitted patients in a children’s hospital in Iraq 0–5 years Visual or hearing impairment, epileptic seizures, learning disabilities, walking problems Reason for admission is known, excluded those with previous burn injury Burns; home 17–18
  1. CC case–control study, CO cohort study, CS cross-sectional study, ICF International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, ICD-9-CM International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification, ADD attention deficit disorder, ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  2. aSome references did not provide the proportion injured or lacked data to calculate percentages
  3. bNumber of items among the 22 items in STROBE checklists judged by two reviewers