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Table 3 Characteristics of children admitted to Oregon trauma hospitals for TBI, 2009–2012, by mortality outcome

From: Urban/Rural disparities in Oregon pediatric traumatic brain injury

  Lived (n = 2718) Died (n = 76) Total (n = 2794)  
n (%) n (%) n p
Urban/Rural location       0.001
 Large metropolitan 1279 (98) 24 (2) 1303  
 Medium/small metropolitan 676 (98) 16 (2) 692  
 Non-metropolitan 763 (95) 36 (5) 799  
Injury Severity Score       <0.0001
 ≤15 (mild/moderate) 1960 (100) 8 (0) 1968  
 >15 (severe) 720 (92) 66 (8) 786  
 Missing 38 (95) 2 (5) 40  
Glasgow Coma Scale score       <0.0001
 9–15 (mild/moderate) 2280 (100) 3 (0) 2283  
 3–8 (severe) 82 (78) 23 (22) 105  
 Missing 356 (88) 50 (12) 406  
Gender       0.83
 Male 1827 (97) 52 (3) 1879  
 Female 891 (97) 24 (3) 915  
Age (years)       0.013
 0–4 612 (96) 25 (4) 637  
 5–14 811 (99) 12 (1) 823  
 15–19 1295 (97) 39 (3) 1334  
Race       0.022
 White 1956 (97) 51 (3) 2007  
 Non-white 562 (98) 13 (2) 575  
 Missing/unknown 200 (94) 12 (6) 212  
Insurance status       0.01
 Insured 2332 (97) 55 (3) 2387  
 Uninsured 185 (96) 13 (4) 198  
 Other/unknown/missing 201 (97) 8 (3) 209  
Transfer status       0.209
 Yes 334 (96) 13 (4) 347  
 No 2384 (97) 63 (3) 2447  
Mechanism of injury       <0.0001
 Fall 928 (99) 12 (1) 940  
 Motor vehicle collision 879 (96) 36 (4) 915  
 Struck by/against 341 (99) 2 (1) 343  
 Firearm 6 (46) 7 (54) 13  
 Other, specified and unspecified 564 (97) 19 (3) 583  
Hospital Levela       0.053
 I 1447 (98) 29 (2) 1476  
 II 596 (97) 21 (3) 617  
 III 363 (96) 16 (4) 379  
 IV 312 (97) 10 (3) 322  
Injury type       <0.0001
 Blunt 2695 (98) 69 (2) 2764  
 Penetrating 13 (65) 7 (35) 20  
 Missing 10 (100) 0 (0) 10  
  1. TBI traumatic brain injury
  2. a Hospital level refers to the level of trauma hospital to which a patient initially presented