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Table 5 Comparison of relative risk (RR) estimates for related injury mortality rates across ACS survey cycles, 2006–2013

From: Reliability of the American Community Survey for unintentional drowning and submersion injury surveillance: a comprehensive assessment of 10 socioeconomic indicators derived from the 2006–2013 annual and multi-year data cycles

Socioeconomic indicatorACS data Cyclea 20062007200820092010201120122013
% US residency less than 1 yearAnnual cycle1.29 (0.93–1.77)1.27 (1.01–1.58)1.42 (1.18–1.171)1.05 (0.66–1.66)1.26 (1.07–1.49)1.22 (0.93–1.59)1.08 (0.91–1.28)1.29 (1.15–1.46)
 3-year cycle--1.07 (0.92–1.25)1.15 (1.04–1.28)1.07 (0.95–1.20)1.66 (1.14–2.41)0.98 (0.78–1.21)0.90 (0.69–1.17)1.33 (1.16–1.53)
 5-year cycle------1.09 (0.71–1.67)1.29 (1.14–1.47)1.05 (0.51–2.19)0.84 (0.57–1.24)1.04 (0.71–1.52)
 Annual cycle1.28 (1.02–1.61)0.87 (0.76–0.98)1.05 (0.88–1.25)1.05 (0.94–1.18)1.14 (1.01–1.29)1.01 (0.85–1.19)1.17 (0.95–1.46)0.82 (0.73–0.92)
% college/postgraduate degree3-year cycle--0.89 (0.78–1.01)1.23 (1.10–1.38)0.92 (0.82–1.02)0.91 (0.81–1.02)1.18 (1.05–1.32)1.13 (0.82–1.57)0.79 (0.58–1.08)
 5-year cycle------1.16 (1.02–1.31)1.01 (0.90–1.15)1.13 (1.01–1.29)1.31 (0.91–1.87)0.84 (0.57–1.25)
 Annual cycle1.02 (0.75–1.40)0.90 (0.61–1.34)1.13 (0.64–1.97)1.55 (1.37–1.74)1.16 (1.03–1.31)1.02 (0.90–1.15)0.88 (0.49–1.56)1.25 (0.75–2.08)
% high school graduates3-year cycle--1.24 (0.88–1.76)1.16 (1.04–1.32)1.30 (0.90–1.88)1.40 (1.05–1.86)0.81 (0.67–0.99)0.86 (0.76–0.97)1.40 (1.23–1.59)
 5-year------1.31 (1.14–1.49)1.25 (0.95–1.66)0.96 (0.75–1.24)0.91 (0.52–1.60)1.27 (1.11–1.46)
 Annual cycle1.08 (0.90–1.30)1.07 (0.94–1.21)0.94 (0.65–1.36)0.88 (0.70–1.09)1.02 (0.79–1.32)0.88 (0.74–1.03)0.86 (0.76–0.98)0.56 (0.42–0.75)
% African American3-year cycle--1.04 (0.90–1.20)1.10 (0.78–1.56)1.25 (0.97–1.61)1.00 (0.75–1.31)0.92 (0.81–1.04)0.94 (0.77–1.15)0.67 (0.53–0.85)
 5-year------1.08 (0.92–1.27)0.98 (0.74–1.26)0.87 (0.78–0.97)0.71 (0.63–0.79)0.80 (0.68–0.94)
 Annual cycle1.56 (1.29–1.89)1.14 (0.86–1.50)1.53 (1.04–2.25)1.58 (1.39–1.79)1.44 (0.87–2.38)1.49 (0.77–2.89)1.09 (0.75–1.57)1.62 (1.37–1.92)
% Hispanic3-year cycle--1.05 (0.91–1.20)1.10 (0.97–1.25)1.39 (1.24–1.56)1.44 (1.28–1.62)0.98 (0.87–1.09)1.06 (0.87–1.30)1.38 (0.90–2.11)
 5-year cycle------1.27 (1.13–1.43)1.35 (1.20–1.52)1.18 (1.05–1.33)1.13 (0.75–1.69)1.22 (0.72–2.08)
 Annual cycle1.26 (1.11–1.43)1.00 (0.59–1.70)0.95 (0.84–1.07)1.08 (0.96–1.22)1.42 (1.07–1.88)0.92 (0.62–1.37)0.79 (0.49–1.26)1.02 (0.91–1.16)
% non-white3-year cycle--1.30 (0.78–2.18)1.15 (0.84–1.57)1.47 (0.76–2.85)1.34 (0.91–1.96)0.83 (0.74–0.94)0.82 (0.68–1.00)1.09 (0.77–1.53)
 5-year cycle------1.24 (1.11–1.39)1.44 (0.88–2.32)0.86 (0.77–0.97)1.02 (0.91–1.15)1.04 (0.61–1.79)
 Annual cycle0.74 (0.52–1.07)1.13 (1.00–1.28)0.95 (0.54–1.67)1.09 (0.79–1.50)1.31 (1.04–1.65)0.93 (0.71–1.22)1.37 (1.00–1.86)1.24 (0.80–1.92)
Gini coefficient3-year cycle--1.25 (1.11–1.41)1.25 (0.97–1.61)1.36 (0.77–2.40)1.38 (0.77–2.48)1.02 (0.55–1.93)1.18 (1.06–1.33)1.19 (0.92–1.54)
 5-year------1.45 (0.80–2.62)1.35 (0.80–2.26)1.10 (0.71–1.70)1.09 (0.98–1.22)1.24 (1.11–1.38)
 Annual cycle0.84 (0.56–1.28)0.63 (0.40–0.98)0.98 (0.81–1.20)1.06 (0.88–1.30)1.09 (0.94–1.27)1.17 (1.04–1.32)1.29 (0.95–1.74)0.73 (0.49–1.08)
Median household income3-year cycle--0.78 (0.56–1.08)1.22 (0.84–1.77)1.21 (0.71–2.05)1.05 (0.86–1.27)1.30 (1.09–1.54)1.23 (1.09–1.54)0.67 (0.42–1.09)
 5-year cycle------1.17 (0.95–1.45)1.00 (0.83–1.20)1.21 (1.09–1.37)1.24 (0.92–1.67)0.74 (0.60–0.92)
 Annual cycle0.83 (0.39–1.78)0.62 (0.31–1.26)1.73 (0.94–3.16)0.99 (0.53–1.85)1.77 (0.88–3.57)1.70 (0.91–3.16)1.24 (0.65–2.36)0.87 (0.47–1.62)
% Unemployment3-year cycle--0.75 (0.55–1.03)1.24 (1.12–1.38)1.09 (0.82–1.44)1.21 (1.01–1.44)0.97 (0.67–1.40)1.19 (1.02–1.39)0.93 (0.83–1.04)
 5-year cycle------0.74 (0.53–1.02)1.06 (0.92–1.22)1.12 (0.77–1.61)1.29 (1.16–1.45)1.02 (0.87–1.20)
 Annual cycle0.99 (0.75–1.31)0.89 (0.44–1.79)0.94 (0.70–1.26)1.09 (0.95–1.25)0.99 (0.86–1.14)0.89 (0.77–1.03)1.09 (0.94–1.26)0.76 (0.46–1.24)
County population3-year cycle--1.07 (0.92–1.25)0.96 (0.83–1.11)1.13 (0.67–1.92)1.10 (0.95–1.27)1.66 (1.03–2.70)1.08 (0.55–2.10)0.72 (0.62–0.85)
 5-year------1.27 (0.63–2.54)1.35 (0.96–1.90)1.48 (0.88–2.47)1.06 (0.72–1.56)0.86 (0.73–1.03)
  1. aAll drowning-related mortality rates are based on the calendar year that corresponds with the release of the ACS data cycle
  2. -- ACS data cycle not available