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Table 3 Injury type, severity, and discharge status, body part and type of injury

From: Risk factors associated with legal interventions

  Legal interventiona no. (%) Assaultsb no. (%) P-value
Type of injury and body regionc    
Fracture 307 (36.7) 334 (40.0) .17
 Head & neck 143 (17.1) 216 (25.8) <.01
 Spine & back 45 (5.4) 25 (3.0) .01
 Torso 118 (14.1) 97 (11.6) .13
 Extremities 183 (21.9) 143 (17.1) .01
Internal injury 262 (31.3) 310 (37.1) .01
 Head & neck 154 (18.4) 177 (21.2) .16
 Spine & back 33 (4.0) 12 (1.4) <.01
 Torso 169 (20.2) 183 (21.9) .40
 Extremities 91 (10.9) 90 (10.8) .94
Open wounds 297 (35.5) 443 (51.8) <.01
 Head & neck 157 (18.8) 219 (26.2) <.01
 Spine & back 18 (2.2) 14 (1.7) .48
 Torso 145 (17.3) 193 (23.1) <.01
 Extremities 174 (20.8) 221 (26.4) <.01
Hospital measures of severity    
 Mean days in hospital 4.7 (sd = 6.6) 3.7 (sd = 4.1) .01
 Required surgical intervention 224 (26.8) 263 (31.5) .04
 Required mechanical ventilation 42 (5.0) 45 (5.4) .74
 Mean new injury severity score (NISS) 8.3 (sd = 11.9) 8.6 (sd = 9.9) .57
  NISS 16 to 24 66 (7.9) 85 (10.2) .11
  NISS > = 25 68 (8.1) 60 (7.2) .46
 In-hospital fatality (inc. dead on arrival) 48 (5.7) 37 (4.3) .22
Discharge status    
 Home 471 (56.3) 672 (80.4) <.01
 Left against medical advice 48 (5.7) 42 (4.9) .52
 Jail 84 (10.1) 5 (0.6) <.01
 Intermediate care facilityd 169 (20.2) 68 (8.1) <.01
  1. aInjuries caused through legal intervention actions; ICD-9 Ecodes 970–978
  2. bInjuries caused through assaults, not including child abuse (E967); ICD-9 Ecodes 960–969
  3. cPatients were counted more than once if they had multiple injuries to multiple body parts
  4. dIntermediate care facilities include acute, chronic and rehab care