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Table 1 Estimated proportion and 95 % confidence estimates of exposure to financial stressors and perpetration of three forms of physical IPV

From: Associations of financial stressors and physical intimate partner violence perpetration

  Men Women Difference
  Percent (95 % CI) P-valuea
Financial stressors
 Number of financial stressors    <.0001
  None 77.2 (75.4–79.1) 72.3 (70.2–74.5)  
  1–2 16.3 (14.2–18.4) 18.8 (16.8–20.8)  
  3–4 5.2 (4.1–6.2) 7.3 (6.0–8.6)  
  5–6 1.4 (0.9–1.8) 1.5 (1.0–2.0)  
 Utilities nonpayment    
  Yes 12.7 (11.5–14.0) 17.6 (15.7–19.4) <.0001
  No 87.3 (86.0–88.5) 82.4 (80.6–84.3)  
 Housing nonpayment    
  Yes 9.4 (8.4–10.4) 10.2 (9.0–11.3) .26
  No 90.6 (89.6–91.6) 89.8 (88.7–91.0)  
 Food insecurity    
  Yes 9.9 (8.7–11.1) 14.0 (12.6–15.3) <.0001
  No 90.1 (88.9–91.3) 86.0 (84.7–87.4)  
 No phone service    
  Yes 7.8 (6.8–8.8) 10.4 (9.3–11.5) <.0001
  No 92.2 (91.2–93.2) 89.6 (88.5–90.7)  
 Utilities turned off    
  Yes 5.4 (4.6–6.3) 5.4 (4.6–6.1) .82
  No 94.6 (93.7–95.4) 94.7 (93.9–95.4)  
 Evicted    
  Yes 1.0 (0.7–1.4) 1.0 (0.7–1.4) .93
  No 99.0 (95.6–99.3) 98.9 (98.6–99.3)  
Intimate partner violence perpetration
 Threats/Minor physical   
  Yes 6.7 (5.7–7.5) 11.4 (10.1–12.7) <.0001
  No 93.4 (92.5–94.3) 88.6 (87.3–89.9)  
 Severe physical    
  Yes 3.4 (2.9–4.0) 8.8 (7.8–9.9) <.0001
  No 96.6 (96.0–97.2) 91.2 (90.1–92.2)  
 If Yes to physical, caused injury   
  Yes 32.0 (25.6–38.5) 21.0 (17.7–24.4) .003
  No 68.0 (61.5–74.4) 79.0 (75.6–82.3)  
  1. aChi-square test