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Table 3 Association of financial stressors and patterns of IPV perpetration

From: Associations of financial stressors and physical intimate partner violence perpetration

  Only threats/minor physicala Only severe physical IPVa Threats/Minor & severe physical IPVa All three formsa
  Crude OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)b Crude OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)b Crude OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)b Crude OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)b
Continuous measure of number of stressors
 Number of financial stressorsc 1.19 (1.09–1.29) 1.07 (0.98–1.17) 1.27 (1.10–1.46) 1.20 (1.05–1.38) 1.33 (1.21–1.46) 1.19 (1.08–1.32) 1.44 (1.32–1.58) 1.29 (1.18–1.41)
Individual stressors
 Utilities nonpaymentd 1.52 (1.18–1.97) 1.19 (0.91–1.55) 1.98 (1.28–3.05) 1.63 (1.06–2.49) 2.09 (1.53–2.84) 1.49 (1.10–2.03) 2.28 (1.63–3.19) 1.64 (1.17–2.31)
 Housing nonpaymentd 1.66 (1.21–2.28) 1.35 (0.97–1.89) 1.63 (0.94–2.80) 1.43 (0.84–2.43) 2.42 (1.75–3.34) 1.95 (1.40–2.71) 2.55 (1.75–3.70) 1.95 (1.61–2.91)
 Food insecurityd 1.89 (1.43–2.50) 1.38 (1.05–1.82) 1.56 (0.92–2.65) 1.27 (0.75–2.15) 1.99 (1.39–2.84) 1.31 (0.91–1.88) 3.67 (2.47–5.44) 2.48 (1.64–3.73)
 No phone serviced 1.44 (1.01–2.05) 1.05 (0.74–1.49) 3.16 (1.90–5.24) 2.79 (1.69–4.60) 2.29 (1.63–3.22) 1.61 (1.14–2.27) 3.65 (2.45–5.43) 2.48 (1.67–3.70)
 Utilities turned offd 1.37 (0.88–2.15) 1.04 (0.63–1.70) 1.04 (0.50–2.20) 0.94 (0.44–2.03) 1.83 (1.20–2.80) 1.41 (0.91–2.20) 2.23 (1.41–3.52) 1.56 (0.97–2.49)
 Evictedd 1.22 (0.55–2.70) 0.86 (0.35–2.10) 3.11 (0.74–13.03) 2.23 (0.42–11.75) 5.00 (2.53–9.88) 3.72 (1.83–7.57) 1.28 (0.40–4.00) 0.84 (0.26–2.69)
  1. aCompared to participants who perpetrated no forms of IPV in the past year
  2. bAdjusted for gender, race, perceived health, neuroticism, alcohol abuse or dependence, and drug abuse
  3. cModeled as continuous ranging from 0 to 6 forms of financial stressors
  4. dRef = No experience of this form of financial stressor