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Table 4 Definition of exposure and outcome variables

From: Associations of financial stressors and physical intimate partner violence perpetration

Variable Definition Variable type
Logistic regression outcome variables
 Making threats of physical IPV/minor physical IPV How often have you threatened [partner] with violence, pushed or shoved (him/her), or thrown something at (him/her) that could hurt? Dichotomous
 Severe physical IPV How often have you slapped, hit, or kicked [partner]? Dichotomous
 Physical IPV resulting in injury How often has [partner] had an injury, such as a sprain, bruise, or cut because of a fight with you? Dichotomous
Multinomial regression outcome variables
 Patterns of IPV perpetration All possible mutually exclusive categories from the three logistic regression outcomes variables Categorical
Exposure variables
 Utilities nonpayment In the past 12 months, was there a time when {YOU/YOUR HOUSEHOLD} didn’t pay the full amount of a gas, electricity, or oil bill because you didn’t have enough money? Dichotomous
 Housing nonpayment In the past 12 months, was there a time when {YOU/YOUR HOUSEHOLD} didn’t pay the full amount of the rent or mortgage because you didn’t have enough money? Dichotomous
 Food insecurity In the past 12 months, was there a time when {YOU/YOUR HOUSEHOLD WERE/WAS} worried whether food would run out before you would get money to buy more? Dichotomous
 No phone service In the past 12 months, was there a time when {YOU/YOUR HOUSEHOLD} was without phone service because you didn’t have enough money? Dichotomous
 Utilities turned off In the past 12 months, was there a time when {YOU/YOUR HOUSEHOLD} had the service turned off by the gas or electric company, or the oil company wouldn’t deliver, because payments were not made? Dichotomous
 Evicted In the past 12 months, was there a time when {YOU/YOUR HOUSEHOLD} were evicted from your house or apartment for not paying the rent or mortgage? Dichotomous
 Number of financial stressors Summed total of six possible financial stressors Continuous