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Table 3 Differences in characteristics of skateboarding-related injuries treated in US EDs across age groups, 1990-2008

From: Epidemiology of skateboarding-related injuries sustained by children and adolescents 5-19 years of age and treated in US emergency departments: 1990 through 2008

  Age group OR (95 % CI)a
Characteristic 5-10 y 11-14 y 15-19 y
Sex    
  Girls 2.92 (2.54-3.35) 1.54 (1.37-1.73) 1 (referent)
Locale    
  Home 2.86 (2.42-3.38) 1.68 (1.49-1.89) 1 (referent)
  Street/highway 1 (referent) 1.27 (1.06-1.51) 1.54 (1.23-1.91)
  Sports/recreation place 1 (referent) 1.40 (1.22-1.61) 1.74 (1.46-2.07)
  School 1 (referent) 1.79 (1.22-2.63) 3.51 (1.93-6.38)
Disposition    
  Hospitalized 1 (referent) 1.42 (1.17-1.73) 1.09 (0.89-1.33)
Body part injured    
  Upper extremityb 1.18 (1.07-1.30) 1.58 (1.48-1.69) 1 (referent)
  Lower extremityc 1 (referent) 1.91 (1.74-2.09) 3.29 (2.91-3.71)
  Faced 4.49 (3.86-5.23) 1.14 (1.00-1.31) 1 (referent)
  Head or neck 1.42 (1.25-1.61) 1.04 (0.93-1.16) 1 (referent)
  Trunk 1 (referent) 1.47 (1.17-1.85) 1.38 (1.10-1.74)
Diagnosis    
  Fracture or dislocation 1 (referent) 1.56 (1.42-1.72) 1.12 (1.01-1.24)
  Sprain or strain 1 (referent) 2.32 (2.08-2.59) 3.88 (3.41-4.43)
  Soft tissue injury 1.41 (1.27-1.57) 1.18 (1.06-1.30) 1 (referent)
  Laceration 3.12 (2.78-3.51) 1.03 (0.93-1.14) 1 (referent)
  TBI 1.17 (0.96-1.42) 1.05 (0.90-1.22) 1 (referent)
  1. aORs and 95 % CIs from univariate logistic regression models, statistically significant ORs are bold and reference age group is labeled as ‘1 (referent)’
  2. bUpper extremity included finger, hand, wrist, lower arm, elbow, and upper arm
  3. cLower extremity included toe, foot, ankle, lower leg, knee, and upper leg
  4. dFace included face, mouth, eyeball, and ears