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Table 1 Study characteristics

From: Implementing exercise programs to prevent falls: systematic descriptive review

  All studies (n = 29)
Population  
 Average age of participants (years) 74
 % women 66 %
 Above-average risk population, n (%)a 22 (76 %)
Type of exercise  
 Gait, Balance, and functional training, n (%) 21 (72 %)
 Strength/resistance, n (%) 21 (72 %)
 General physical activity, n (%) 12 (41 %)
 Flexibility, n (%) 8 (28 %)
 Endurance, n (%) 6 (21 %)
 3D (Tai Chi, Qi Gong, Dance), n (%) 3 (10 %)
 Other, n (%) 1 (3 %)
Setting  
 Home, n (%) 9 (31 %)
 Class, n (%) 8 (28 %)
 Class and home, n (%) 5 (17 %)
 Clinic, hospital, other, n (%) 7 (24 %)
Instructor  
 Physical therapists, n (%) 16 (55 %)
 Tai chi or exercise instructor, n (%) 4 (14 %)
 Nurse, n (%) 2 (7 %)
 Other, n (%) 7 (24 %)
  1. aAbove-average risk population: Study sample classified as at above-average risk for falls if baseline annualized probability of at least one fall was higher than 36 % in the sample. This is the upper limit of the 95 % confidence interval for the probability of falling at least once in any given year for an unselected sample of individuals age ≥ 65 (Ganz et al. 2007)