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Table 1 Frequency and proportion of respondents’ perceived risk of injury for an equal referent participating in a range of sports, mean rating of risk with 95% confidence interval (CI), and comparison of mean rating of risk in Muay Thai versus (referent) versus other sports using paired t tests

From: Perception of injury risk among amateur Muay Thai fighters

  Chance of getting injured   
Sport Very low Low Average High Very high Mean [95%CI] p value
Collision
 Rugby - 5 (3%) 38 (23%) 74 (45%) 49 (30%) 1.01 [0.88, 1.13] < .001
 American football - 3 (2%) 46 (28%) 69 (41%) 49 (29%) 0.98 [0.86, 1.10] < .001
 Mixed martial arts - 8 (5%) 49 (30%) 74 (45%) 35 (21%) 0.82 [0.69, 0.94] < .001
 Boxing 1 (1%) 20 (12%) 80 (48%) 50 (30%) 16 (10%) 0.36 [0.23, 0.49] < .001
 Judo 3 (2%) 29 (17%) 92 (55%) 35 (21%) 8 (5%) 0.10 [−0.03, 0.22] .478
 Muay Thai 2 (1%) 32 (19%) 97 (58%) 28 (17%) 8 (5%) 0.05 [−0.07, 0.17] referent
 Karate 10 (6%) 53 (32%) 85 (51%) 16 (10%) 2 (1%) −0.32 [−0.44, −0.20] < .001
Contact
 Soccer 11 (7%) 44 (26%) 78 (47%) 26 (16%) 8 (5%) −0.14 [−0.29, −0.00] .043
 Basketball 7 (4%) 62 (37%) 75 (45%) 21 (13%) 1 (1%) −0.32 [−0.44, −0.20] < .001
Limited-contact
 Baseball 26 (16%) 83 (50%) 48 (29%) 9 (5%) 1 (1%) −0.74 [−0.87, −0.62] < .001
 Cycling 39 (23%) 77 (46%) 40 (24%) 10 (6%) - −0.87 [−1.00, −0.74] < .001
Non-contact
 Swimming 89 (53%) 66 (40%) 11 (7%) 1 (1%) - −1.46 [−1.55, −1.36] < .001