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Table 1 Demographics of older adult fall-related fatalities, Waukesha County, Wisconsin 2005–2012

From: Identifying characteristics and outcomes that are associated with fall-related fatalities: multi-year retrospective summary of fall deaths in older adults from 2005–2012

  All
(n = 841)
65–74 years
(n = 61)
75–84 years
(n = 273)
85+ years
(n = 507)
Age mean (SD) 86.0 (7.23) 70.8 (2.75) 80.6 (2.48) 90.8 (3.98)
Females 61.2% 47.5% 53.8% 66.9%
BMIa
 mean (SD) 23.5 (5.83) 26.4 (7.94) 24.7 (6.30) 22.5 (4.94)*
Residence: (n = 834)
 Home or apartment (n) 55.2% (464) 80% (49) 63.4% (173) 47.7% (242)
 Assisted living (n) 22.6% (190) 4.9% (3) 16.1% (44) 28.2% (143)
 Institution (n) 21.4% (180) 14.4% (9) 20.1% (55) 22.9% (116)
Survival timeb
 Number of days from fall to death mean (SD) 31.2 (44.78) 25.9 (42.23) 31.8 (50.84) 31.4 (41.57)
Comorbiditiesc
 Cardiovascular (n = 806) 87% (n = 701) 78.6% (44) 87.4% (228) 87.7% (429)
 Hypertension (n = 796) 77.4% (n = 616) 77.4% (41) 78% (202) 77% (373)
 Neurological (n = 804) 57.3% (n = 461) 41.1%* (23) 56.8% (147) 59.5% (291)
 Musculoskeletal (n = 783) 32.1% (n = 253) 30.4% (17) 33.5% (85) 31.6% (151)
 Osteoporosis (n = 792) 23.5% (n = 186) 10.7%* (6) 21.6% (55) 26% (125)
 Osteoarthritis (n = 157) 27.2% (n = 157) 18.6%* (8) 20.9% (37) 31.4% (112)
Number of prescribed medications mean (SD) 6.23 (3.6) 6.3 (4.27) 6.85 (3.86)* 5.89 (3.32)*
Anticoagulants prescribedc (n = 745) 56% (n=417) 51.9% (27) 56.8% (137) 56% (253)
Fall Location: (n = 596)
 At homed (n) 82.7% (493) 55.7% (34) 60. 4% (165) 58% (294)
 Outside of homee (n) 10.9% (65) 14.8% (9) 9.9% (27) 5.7% (29)
 Communityf (n) 6.4% (38) 4.9% (3) 5.9% (16) 3.7% (19)
Fall Injury: (n = 834)
 Hip fracture (n) 54.6% (456) 35.6% (21) 47.8% (130) 60.5% (305)*
 Head injury (n) 21.6% (180) 45% (27)* 27.5% (75) 15.4% (78)
  1. *Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05)
  2. aBMI = Body mass index (kg/m2)
  3. btwo cases were excluded as the mean was > 4 SD from the mean
  4. c proportion of positive findings from available data
  5. d Primary residence
  6. eOutside of home included driveway, yard, garage
  7. fCommunity included parking lot, store, restaurant, curb step etc