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Table 3 Core CDEs used for sports-related concussion studies by Big Ten and Ivy-League universities

From: Common data elements collected among universities for sport-related concussion studies

Core CDEs recommended by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) CDEs used by Big Ten and Ivy-League universities
Item Instrument Yes No
N (%) N(%)
1 Balance Error Scoring System(BESS) 17 (89.5) 2 (10.5)
2 Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT-3) or −5 17 (89.5) 2 (10.5)
3 Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC) 12 (63.2) 7 (36.8)
4 Post-concussion Symptom Inventory (PCSI) 9 (47.4) 10 (52.6)
5 Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (Child-SCAT) unknowna  
6 Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) 17 (89.5) 2 (10.5)
7 Post Concussion Symptoms Scale (PCS-S) 6 (31.6) 13 (68.4)
8 Axon Sports Computerized Cognitive Assessment Tool (CCAT) 1 (5.3) 18 (94.7)
9 Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) 0 19 (100.0)
10 CNS Vital Signs 0 19 (100.0)
11 The Rivermead Postconcussive Symptom Questionnaire (RPQ) 0 19 (100.0)
Recommendation 1 Collect one of four core neuropsychological function cognitive measures (items #6, #8, #9,#10) 18 (94.7) 1 (5.3)
Recommendation 2 Collect BESS (item #1) acutely (< 72 h of post-injury) 17 (89.5) 2 (10.5)
Recommendation 3 Collect one of ten symptom checklists (Items #2 to #11) acutely (< 72 h of post-injury) 19 (100.0) 0
Recommendation 4 Collect one of five symptom checklists (Items #6 to #10) sub-acutely (72 h to 3 months post-injury) unknowna  
Recommendation 5 Collect one of six symptom checklists (Items #6 to #11) in chronic timeframe (> 3 months post-injury) unknowna  
  1. aInformation was not collected in this study