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Table 1 Demographics of Children Hospitalized from 2009 to 2014 with Traumatic Brain Injury Due to Unintentional Falls

From: Characterization of children hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries after building falls

Demographics Building Falls (n = 933) All Other Types of Falls (n = 22,880) p-value* (Building vs Other) Urban Building Falls (n = 707) Non-urban Building Fallsa (n = 190) p-value* (Urban vs Non-urban)
Gender (%)
 Male 619 (66.3) 13,484 (58.9) < 0.01 466 (65.9) 127 (66.8) NS
 Female 310 (33.2) 9357 (40.9) 237 (33.5) 63 (33.2)
 Unknown 4 (< 0.5) 39 (0.2) 4 (0.6) 0
Mean age in years (SD) 3.79 (2.9) 3.10 (3.9) < 0.01 3.56 (2.8) 4.49 (3.4) < 0.01
Race (%)
 White 513 (55.0) 15,265 (66.7) < 0.01 338 (47.8) 149 (78.4) < 0.01
 Black 205 (22.0) 3358 (14.7) 193 (27.3) 9 (4.7)
 Other 215 (23.0) 4257 (18.6) 176 (24.9) 32 (16.8)
Ethnicity (%)
 Hispanic/Latino 152 (16.3) 3690 (16.1) NS 130 (18.4) 18 (9.5) < 0.01
 Not Hispanic/Latino 657 (70.4) 16,044 (70.1) 486 (68.7) 140 (73.7)
 Unknown 124 (13.3) 3146 (13.8) 91 (12.9) 32 (16.8)
Payer type (%)
 Government 528 (56.6) 11,962 (52.3) < 0.01 433 (61.2) 85 (44.7) < 0.01
 Non-government 318 (34.1) 9390 (41.0) 225 (31.8) 69 (36.3)
 Self-pay 70 (7.6) 1250 (5.5) 37 (5.3) 31 (16.8)
 Unknown 17 (1.8) 257 (1.1) 12 (1.7) 5 (2.6)
RUCA Code
 Large Urban Core 707 (75.8) 16,986 (74.2) NS NA NA NA
 Small Suburban Area 76 (8.1) 2110 (9.2)
 Large Rural Town 53 (5.7) 1582 (6.9)
 Small Rural Town/ 61 (6.5) 1472 (6.4)
 Isolated Rural Area   
 Unknown 36 (3.9) 730 (3.2)
  1. Legend: SD standard deviation, NS not significant, NA not applicable, RUCA rural-urban commuting area
  2. *p -values obtained using Chi-square or Mann-Whitney U tests to evaluate for group differences
  3. aReflects children from Small Suburban Areas, Large Rural Towns, or Small Rural Town/Isolated Rural Areas