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Table 2 Injury and Hospital Care Characteristics of Children Hospitalized from 2009 to 2014 with Traumatic Brain Injury Due to Unintentional Falls

From: Characterization of children hospitalized with traumatic brain injuries after building falls

  Building Falls
(n = 933)
All Other Types of Falls
(n = 22,880)
p-value* (Building vs Other) Urban Building Falls
(n = 707)
Non-urban Building Fallsb (n = 190) p-value* (Urban vs Non-urban)
Serious/Severe Head Injurya (%) 591 (63.4) 12,332 (53.9) < 0.01 379 (53.6) 112 (58.9) < 0.01
Serious/Severe Overall Injurya (%) 176 (18.9) 2957 (12.9) < 0.001 2294 (13.0) 719 (13.4) NS
Intensive Care Unit Admission (%) 445 (47.8) 4771 (20.9) < 0.01 334 (47.2) 85 (44.7) NS
Operating Room Admission (%) 114 (12.2) 1201 (5.2) < 0.01 87 (12.3) 25 (13.2) NS
Mechanical Ventilation (%) 127 (13.6) 725 (3.2) < 0.01 97 (13.7) 25 (13.2) NS
Mean LOS in Days (SD) 3.28 (6.6) 1.75 (3.2) < 0.01 3.2 (6.2) 3.4 (7.6) NS
Mean Billed Charges (SD) $38,473 (89,234) $16,016 (39,730) < 0.01 $38,633 (89,060) $35,970 (70,098) NS
Hospital Region (%)
 Midwest 198 (21.2) 4847 (21.2) < 0.001 129 (18.2) 69 (36.3) < 0.001
 Northeast 128 (13.7) 3140 (13.7) 102 (14.4) 25 (13.2)
 South 327 (35.0) 10,355 (45.3) 261 (36.9) 57 (30.0)
 West 280 (30.0) 4538 (19.8) 215 (30.4) 39 (20.5)
Hospital Level 1 Trauma Designation (%)
 Yes 809 (86.7) 18,995 (83.0) 0.003 613 (86.7) 161 (84.7) NS
 No 124 (13.3) 3885 (17.0) 94 (13.3) 29 (15.3)
  1. Legend: LOS length of stay, SD standard deviation
  2. aSerious/Severe head injury was identified if a child had a head abbreviated injury scale score of 3–6; Serious/Severe overall injury severity was identified if a child had a total injury severity score of ≥ 15
  3. *p -values obtained using Chi-square or Mann-Whitney U tests to evaluate for group differences
  4. bReflects children from Small Suburban Areas, Large Rural Towns, or Small Rural Town/Isolated Rural Areas
  5. Among children hospitalized with a TBI due a building fall, community-type was unknown for 36 (3.9%) children, so they are not included in the urban or nonurban columns