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Table 3 Unintentional injury-related ED visits among school-age children, by Barell injury diagnosis category: NC, 2010–2014

From: Characteristics of sports and recreation-related emergency department visits among school-age children and youth in North Carolina, 2010–2014

Barell injury diagnosis categorya ED visits due to sports and recreation-related injuries (N = 189,679) Other unintentional injury-related ED visits (N = 470,751) Total unintentional injury-related ED visits (N = 660,430) IPR (95% CI)e
Upper extremity, No. (%) 69,581 (36.7) 135,251 (28.7) 204,832 (31.0) 1.28 (1.27–1.29)
 Fracture 28,024 (14.8) 28,542 (6.1) 56,566 (8.6) 2.44 (2.40–2.48)
 Open wound 2142 (1.1) 29,464 (6.3) 31,606 (4.8) 0.18 (0.17–0.19)
 Sprain/strain 14,367 (7.6) 20,715 (4.4) 35,082 (5.3) 1.72 (1.69–1.76)
 Superficial wounds and contusions 12,050 (6.4) 33,487 (7.1) 45,537 (6.9) 0.89 (0.88–0.91)
 Other and unspecified injuriesb 12,998 (6.9) 23,043 (4.9) 36,041 (5.5) 1.40 (1.37–1.43)
Lower extremity, No. (%) 53,450 (28.2) 116,833 (24.8) 170,283 (25.8) 1.14 (1.13–1.15)
 Fracture 7188 (3.8) 10,032 (2.1) 17,220 (2.6) 1.78 (1.73–1.83)
 Open wound 3958 (2.1) 23,450 (5.0) 27,408 (4.2) 0.42 (0.41–0.43)
 Sprain/strain 23,868 (12.6) 37,266 (7.9) 61,134 (9.3) 1.59 (1.57–1.61)
 Superficial wounds and contusions 9268 (4.9) 29,120 (6.2) 38,388 (5.8) 0.79 (0.77–0.81)
 Other and unspecified injuriesb 9168 (4.8) 16,965 (3.6) 26,133 (4.0) 1.34 (1.31–1.37)
TBIs and other head/face/neck, No. (%) 46,858 (24.7) 103,632 (22.0) 150,490 (22.8) 1.12 (1.11–1.13)
 TBI 9424 (5.0) 8543 (1.8) 17,967 (2.7) 2.74 (2.66–2.82)
 Fracture 1778 (0.9) 1519 (0.3) 3297 (0.5) 2.90 (2.71–3.11)
 Open wound 12,732 (6.7) 38,912 (8.3) 51,644 (7.8) 0.81 (0.80–0.83)
 Sprain/strain 37 (0.0) 78 (0.0) 115 (0.0) 1.18 (0.80–1.74)
 Superficial wounds and contusions 9472 (5.0) 29,119 (6.2) 38,591 (5.8) 0.81 (0.79–0.83)
 Other and unspecified injuriesb 13,415 (7.1) 25,461 (5.4) 38,876 (5.9) 1.31 (1.28–1.33)
Torso, No. (%) 9431 (5.0) 27,366 (5.8) 36,797 (5.6) 0.86 (0.84–0.88)
 Fracture 367 (0.2) 552 (0.1) 919 (0.1) 1.65 (1.45–1.88)
 Open wound 488 (0.3) 2200 (0.5) 2688 (0.4) 0.55 (0.50–0.61)
 Sprain/strain 842 (0.4) 5209 (1.1) 6051 (0.9) 0.40 (0.37–0.43)
 Superficial wounds and contusions 5735 (3.0) 14,461 (3.1) 20,196 (3.1) 0.98 (0.96–1.01)
 Other and unspecified injuriesb 1999 (1.1) 4944 (1.1) 6943 (1.1) 1.00 (0.95–1.06)
Vertebral column, No. (%) 4609 (2.4) 26,302 (5.6) 30,911 (4.7) 0.43 (0.42–0.45)
 Fracture 269 (0.1) 669 (0.1) 938 (0.1) 1.00 (0.87–1.15)
 Open wound 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Sprain/strain 4331 (2.3) 25,615 (5.4) 29,946 (4.5) 0.42 (0.41–0.43)
 Superficial wounds and contusions 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Other and unspecified injuriesb,c < 10 18 (0.0) 27 (0.0)
System-wide and late effects of injury, No. (%) 1324 (0.7) 38,897 (8.3) 40,221 (6.1) 0.08 (0.08–0.09)
Other and unspecified location of injuryd, No. (%) 4426 (2.3) 22,470 (4.8) 26,896 (4.1) 0.49 (0.47–0.50)
  1. Abbreviations: ED emergency department, no. number, IPR injury proportion ratio, CI confidence interval, TBI traumatic brain injury
  2. Missing: 23839 visits due to sports and recreation-related injuries and 106,645 ED visits due to other unintentional injury mechanisms were missing a valid injury diagnosis code
  3. aCategorization based on first-listed injury diagnosis code
  4. bOther and unspecified injuries include injuries to the internal organs, nerves, and blood vessels, as well as burns, amputations, dislocations, crushing injuries, and unspecified injuries
  5. cIn order to protect patient anonymity, cells with counts of 1–9 ED visits are suppressed
  6. dOther and unspecified location consists of spinal cord injuries, system wide injuries, late effects of injuries, and other and unspecified injuries
  7. eInjury Proportion Ratio and 95% CI compares percent in sports/recreational to percent in non-sport /rec recreational (Knowles et al. 2010)