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Table 4 Responses to “Practice” questions (n = 82; 6 closed-ended and 1 open-ended). All responses were categorized as “correct” or “incorrect”. For the open-ended question, responses were assigned as “correct” or “incorrect” window breaking objects/devices. Data for the final question was not available for all respondents (n = 71)

From: Public knowledge, attitudes and practices of vehicle submersion incidents: a pilot study

Questionnaire Item Sample
n (%)
Aware Group
n (%)
Aware vs. Unaware
p-value
First action selected if involved in a vehicle submersion    0.22
 Seatbelt or window (correct response) 73 (89) 33 (94)  
 Any other action (incorrect response) 9 (11) 2 (6)
What would you use to break a car window    0.09
 Rescue tool or heavy hard object (correct response) 47 (57) 24 (69)  
 Body part or other item (incorrect responses) 35 (43) 11 (31)
Best window to break    0.71
 Any side window or sunroof (correct response) 60 (73) 25 (71)  
 Front or rear windshield (incorrect response) 22 (27) 10 (32)
Best place to strike a side window to break it    0.86
 Lower corner closest to the hinges (correct response) 8 (10) 3 (9)  
 Any other location (incorrect response) 74 (90) 32 (91)
Window breaking device in the vehicle    0.46
 Yes (correct response) 13 (16) 7 (20)  
 No (incorrect response) 69 (84) 28 (80)
Rescue tool location selected (initial response)    0.15
 Rear view mirror (correct response) 11 (13) 7 (20)  
 Any of the other locations (incorrect response) 71 (87) 28 (80)
Rescue tool location that best suits “visible & reachable” criteria    0.89
 Rear view mirror (correct response) 18 (25) 9 (26)  
 Any of the other locations (incorrect response) 53 (75) 26 (74)