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Table 3 Effect of AT services on payments and visits by payers types

From: The impact of high school athletic trainer services on medical payments and utilizations: a microsimulation analysis on medical claims

  Patients with Medicaid Patients with Commercial Insurance All patients
Payer payment per patient
 Non-AT group $514 ($513, $516) $842 ($839, $846) $700 ($699, $702)
 AT group $450 ($449, $451) $845 ($843, $847) $699 ($698, $700)
 Non-AT group vs. AT group $64 ($62, $67) -$3 (−$6.83, $0.68) 1.47 (−$0.24, $3.17)
p value <.001 0.109 0.09
Emergency visits per patient
 Non-AT group 0.71 (0.70, 0.71) 0.32 (0.32, 0.32) 0.52 (0.52, 0.52)
 AT group 0.65 (0.64, 0.65) 0.25 (0.24, 0.25) 0.41 (0.41, 0.41)
 Non-AT group vs. AT group 0.06 (0.06, 0.06) 0.08 (0.07, 0.08) 0.11 (0.10, 0.11)
p value <.001 <.001 <.001
Total visits per patient
 Non-AT group 4.93 (4.92, 4.94) 5.80 (5.79, 5.82) 5.50 (5.49, 5.50)
 AT group 4.56 (4.55, 4.56) 6.07 (6.06, 6.08) 5.55 (5.55, 5.56)
 Non-AT group vs. AT group 0.37 (0.36, 0.39) −0.27 (−0.29, −0.25) −0.06 (− 0.07, − 0.05)
p value <.001 <.001 <.001
  1. Note: Bootstrap 95% confidence intervals based on 50 replications clustered by sample are reported in parenthesis. Monetary values were adjusted to 2014 dollars using Consumer Price Index of all items
  2. Abbreviation: AT Athletic trainer