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Table 2 Measures of self-efficacy, attitude/beliefs and knowledge of FIP in control and intervention groups prior to receiving educational intervention*

From: An educational intervention for medical students to improve self-efficacy in firearm injury prevention counseling

  All
(n = 127)
Control
(n = 52)
Intervention
(n = 75)
p-value
1. I feel ready to counsel patients about firearm injury prevention 0.984
 Mean (SD) 2.9 (1.1) 2.9 (1.1) 2.9 (1.1)
2. I am confident I can provide appropriate advice and resources to patients about firearm safety 0.360
 Mean (SD) 2.7 (0.9) 2.6 (0.8) 2.7 (0.9)
3. There is not enough time in a doctor visit to talk about injury risk and prevention with a patient 0.885
 Mean (SD) 3.1 (1.1) 3.0 (1.1) 3.1 (1.0)
4. Asking patients about firearms is a violation of privacy and can damage the patient-doctor relationship 0.474
 Mean (SD) 1.8 (0.7) 1.8 (0.8) 1.8 (0.7)
5. Physicians should be trained to provide firearm safety counseling 0.778
 Mean (SD) 3.8 (0.8) 3.8 (0.9) 3.9 (0.7)
6. Gun violence should be considered a public health issue 0.235
 Mean (SD) 4.4 (0.8) 4.5 (0.8) 4.4 (0.7)
7. It is the physician’s role to counsel and advise about firearm safety and prevention 0.277
 Mean (SD) 3.6 (0.9) 3.5 (0.8) 3.7 (0.9)
8. Number of correct quiz responses 0.842
 Mean (SD) 3.0 (1.2) 2.9 (1.2) 3.0 (1.2)
  1. *Questions 1–2 = self-efficacy, 3–7 = attitudes/beliefs, 8 = knowledge
  2. **All responses were scored using a 5-point Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree)