Skip to main content

Table 3 Measures of self-efficacy, attitude/beliefs and knowledge of FIP in intervention groups before and immediately after receiving educational intervention*

From: An educational intervention for medical students to improve self-efficacy in firearm injury prevention counseling

n = 71 Pre Post Diff p-value
1. I feel ready to counsel patients about firearm injury prevention <  0.001
 Mean (SD) 2.9 (1.1) 3.9 (0.7) 1.0 (1.0)  
2. I am confident I can provide appropriate advice and resources to patients about firearm safety <  0.001
 Mean (SD) 2.8 (1.0) 3.9 (0.6) 1.1 (0.9)  
3. There is not enough time in a doctor visit to talk about injury risk and prevention with a patient <  0.001
 Mean (SD) 3.1 (1.0) 2.7 (1.0) −0.4 (0.8)  
4. Asking patients about firearms is a violation of privacy and can damage the patient-doctor relationship 0.849
 Mean (SD) 1.8 (0.6) 1.8 (0.8) 0.0 (0.6)  
5. Physicians should be trained to provide firearm safety counseling <  0.001
 Mean (SD) 3.9 (0.7) 4.2 (0.7) 0.3 (0.6)  
6. Gun violence should be considered a public health issue 0.458
 Mean (SD) 4.4 (0.7) 4.5 (0.6) 0.0 (0.5)  
7. It is the physician’s role to counsel and advise about firearm safety and prevention <  0.001
 Mean (SD) 3.7 (0.9) 4.0 (0.8) 0.3 (0.7)  
8. Number of correct quiz responses <  0.001
 Mean (SD) 3.0 (1.1) 5.4 (1.0) 2.4 (1.3)  
  1. *Questions 1–2 = self-efficacy, 3–7 = attitudes/beliefs, 8 = knowledge
  2. ** All responses were scored using a 5-point Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree)