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Table 1 Electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) liquid nicotine-related injuries treated in emergency departments in the United States in 2018 in children under age 5

From: Electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) liquid nicotine exposure in young children presenting to US emergency departments, 2018

Characteristics Unweighted N N (%)
All 26 885 (95% CI: 397–1374)a
Age
 Younger than age 2 years 17 526 (59.4)
 Ages 2–4 years 9 359 (40.6)
Sex
 Male 15 267 (30.1)
 Female 11 618 (69.9)
Race
 White 15 552 (62.3)
 Other/not stated 11 333 (37.7)
Disposition
 Treated and admitted to a hospital 2 10 (1.1)
 Treated and released 23 797 (90.0)
 Left without being seen 1 78 (8.9)
Location
 Home 21 847 (95.7)
 Not stated 5 38 (4.3)
Route of exposure
 Ingestion 25 880 (99.4)
 Other/not stated 1 5 (0.56)
  1. aCPSC considers the estimates to be unstable if (1) the estimate is less than 1200; (2) the number of records used is less than 20; or (3) the coefficient of variation is greater than 33%