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Table 2 Clinical/anthropometrical variables

From: Associations between biomechanical and clinical/anthropometrical factors and running-related injuries among recreational runners: a 52-week prospective cohort study

 ExposureReferenceHypermobileHypomobile
n injuries (n total)Risk [%]n injuries (n total)Risk [%] (p)Risk difference [%] (95%CI)n injuries (n total)Risk [%] (p)Risk difference [%] (95%CI)
Joint range of motion(A) HFJROM77 (419)28.10 (0)NANA8 (29)41.3 (0.286)13.2 (−11.1; 37.5)
(B) HEJROM83 (437)29.22 (6)44.4 (0.569)15.2 (−37.0; 67.4)0 (5)0NA
(C) HABJROM80 (420)29.52 (12)24.6 (0.822)−4.9 (− 47.4; 37.6)3 (16)20.2 (0.539)−9.3 (−39.0; 20.4)
(D) HADJROM85 (442)29.40 (1)0NA0 (5)0NA
(E) HIRJROM85 (442)27.80 (1)0NA0 (5)0NA
(F) HERJROM63 (341)28.517 (91)27.4 (0.855)−1.1 (−15.7; 13.5)5 (16)49.6 (0.166)21.1 (−8.7; 50.8)
(G) KFJROM82 (436)28.81 (4)33.8 (0.896)5.0 (−69.5; 79.4)2 (8)35.8 (0.724)7.0 (−31.9; 45.9)
(H) KEJROM52 (284)26.527 (122)36.9 (0.160)10.4 (−4.1; 24.9)6 (42)22.9 (0.680)−3.6 (−20.7; 13.5)
(J) DFJROM67 (346)28.60 (2)0NA18 (100)31.3 (0.682)2.7 (−10.2; 15.6)
(K) PFJROM85 (448)29.00 (0)NANA0 (0)NANA
(L) APJROM71 (379)28.79 (43)36.2 (0.525)7.5 (−15.7; 30.8)5 (26)22.2 (0.610)−6.5 (−31.3; 18.4)
(M) ASJROM59 (312)27.816 (94)31.8 (0.549)4.0 (−9.0; 17.0)10 (42)31.9 (0.730)4.1 (−19.2; 27.4)
 ReferenceRestricted (MF) / Pain (TP)
n injuries (n total)Risk [%]n injuries (n total)Risk [%] (p)Risk difference [%] (95%CI)
Muscle flexibility(N) RFFLEX42 (231)29.843 (217)28.6 (0.845)−1.2 (−13.2; 10.8)
(O) ILFLEX43 (212)31.542 (236)27.0 (0.465)−4.5 (−16.4; 7.5)
(P) HAMFLEX30 (165)29.755 (283)29.1 (0.992)−0.1 (−12.3; 12.1)
Trigger points(Q) TITP42 (228)29.143 (220)29.4 (0.966)0.3 (−11.5; 12.0)
(R) GTP24 (167)24.861 (281)31.8 (0.288)7.0 (−4.3; 18.4)
(S) STP46 (295)25.639 (153)36.2 (0.109)10.6 (−2.4; 23.5)
(T) PFTP59 (330)28.626 (118)31.0 (0.743)2.4 (−12.0; 16.8)
(U) GMTP54 (298)27.931 (150)31.7 (0.549)3.8 (−8.6; 16.2)
(V) TPTP58 (316)28.127 (132)31.9 (0.604)3.8 (−10.4; 18.0)
(X) TATP71 (391)27.714 (57)39.2 (0.167)11.5 (−4.8; 27.9)
  1. HFJROM Hip flexion joint range of motion, HEJROM Hip extension joint range of motion, HABJROM Hip abduction joint range of motion, HADJROM Hip adduction joint range of motion, HIRJROM Hip internal rotation joint range of motion, HERJROM Hip external rotation joint range of motion, KFJROM Knee flexion joint range of motion, KEJROM Knee extension joint range of motion, DFJROM Ankle dorsal flexion joint range of motion, PFJROM Ankle plantar flexion joint range of motion, APJROM Ankle pronation joint range of motion, ASJROM Ankle supination joint range of motion, RFFLEX Rectus femoris flexibility, ILFLEX Iliopsoas flexibility, HAMFLEX Hamstrings flexibility, TITP Tractus iliotibialis trigger point, GTP Gastrocnemius trigger point, STP Soleus trigger point, PFTP Piriformis trigger point, GMTP Gluteus medius trigger point, TPTP Tibialis posterior trigger point, TATP Tibialis anterior trigger point, MF Muscle Flexibility, NA Not applicable. Letters in parentheses (A-X) indicate a corresponding Kaplan-Meier plot presented in the supplementary material [see Additional file 2]