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Table 1 Isolated injury criteria for inclusion into the Trauma Audit Research Network (TARN) Registry. Reproduced with permission from Edwards et al. (b)

From: Serious sports-related injury in England and Wales from 2012-2017: a study protocol

Body Region or Specific InjuryIncluded – in isolationaExcluded – in isolationa
HeadAll brain or skull injuriesLoss of consciousness or injuries to scalp
ThoraxAll internal injuries 
AbdomenAll internal injuries 
SpineCord injury, fracture, dislocation or nerve root injury. 
FaceFractures documented as: significantly displaced, open, compound or comminuted. All Le Fort fractures. All panfacial fractures. All orbital blowout fracturesFractures documented as closed and simple or stable
NeckAny organ injury, injury to the carotid artery, vertebral artery or jugular veins, hyoid fractureNerve injuries
Skin injuries
Femoral fractureAll shaft, distal, head or subtrochanteric fractures, regardless of age.Isolated neck of femur, inter or greater trochanteric fractures if > = 65 years.
Isolated neck of femur, inter or greater trochanteric fractures if < 65 years old
Foot or hand: joint or boneCrush or amputation only.Any fractures and/or dislocations, even if open and/or multiple.
Finger or toeNoneAll injuries to digits, even if open
Limb – upper (except hands/fingers)Any open injury.Any closed unilateral injury (including multiple closed fractures and/or dislocations or the same limb)
Any 2 limb fractures &/or dislocations.
Limb – below knee (except feet/toes)Any open injury.including multiple closed fractures and/or dislocations or the same limb)
Any 2 limb fractures and/or dislocations.
PelvisAll isolated fractures to ischium, sacrum, coccyx, ileum, acetabulum.Single pubic rami fracture ≥65 years old.
Single pubic rami fracture < 65 years old.
Multiple pubic rami fractures. Any fracture involving sacroiliac joint or symphysis pubis.
NerveAny injury to sciatic, facial, femoral, cranial nerve or brachial plexus.All other nerve injuries, single or multiple.
VesselAll injuries to femoral, neck, facial, cranial, thoracic or abdominal vessels. Transection or major disruption of any other vessel (excluding vessels in the hands, feet and digits).Intimal tear or superficial laceration or perforation to any limb vessel.
SkinLaceration or penetrating skin injuries with blood loss > 20% (1000 ml).Simple skin lacerations or penetrating injuries with blood loss <=20% (1000 ml); single or multiple. Contusions or abrasions: single or multiple.
Major degloving injury (> = 50% body region).
Minor degloving injury (< 50% body region).
BurnAny full thickness burn or partial/superficial burn > = 10% body surface area not referred to a burns unit.Partial or superficial burn < 10% body surface area. Or any burn referred to a burns unit.
InhalationAll included - if not referred to burns unitIf referred to burns unit.
FrostbiteSevere frostbiteSuperficial frostbite
HypothermiaAccompanied by another TARN- eligible injuryHypothermia in isolation
  1. a Except where specified