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Table 1 Frequency and cumulative incidence of drowning in children aged 0–47 months

From: Large-scale evaluation of interventions designed to reduce childhood Drownings in rural Bangladesh: a before and after cohort study

VariablesBaseline Period (2012–2013)Implementation Period (2014–2016)Pre-post comparison
Population n (%)Drowninga n (%)Cumulative incidence per 100,000 population per year (95% CI)Population n (%)Drowningbn (%)Cumulative incidence per 100,000 population per year (95% CI)Cumulative incidence ratio (95% CI)P-value
All children, 0 – 47 months92,240 (100)80 (100)86.73 (69.67, 107.97)122,032 (100)105 (100)43.03 (35.55, 52.10)0.40 (0.28, 0.57)0.0000
Sex
 Male46,857 (50.80)43 (53.75)91.77 (68.07, 123.72)61,801 (50.65)60 (57.14)48.56 (37.71, 62.53)0.53 (0.33, 0.84)0.0065
 Female45,383 (49.20)37 (46.25)81.53 (59.08, 112.51)60,226 (49.35)45 (42.86)37.37 (27.90, 50.04)0.47 (0.28, 0.79)0.0035
Age
 0–11 months21,972 (23.82)2 (2.50)9.10 (2.28, 36.39)15,222 (12.48)19 (18.10)62.41 (39.82, 97.81)7.21 (1.58, 32.92)0.0028
 12–23 months23,117 (25.06)29 (36.25)125.45 (87.19, 180.47)30,350 (24.87)44 (41.90)72.51 (53.97, 97.41)0.58 (0.33, 1.00)0.0050
 24–35 months24,276 (26.32)26 (32.50)107.10 (72.93, 157.26)38,650 (31.67)26 (24.76)33.64 (22.91, 49.40)0.31 (0.16, 0.61)0.0003
 36–47 months22,875 (24.80)23 (28.75)100.55 (66.82, 151.26)37,810 (30.98)16 (15.24)21.17 (12.97, 34.55)0.21 (0.09, 0.47)0.0000
Study area
 Area 141,785 (45.30)22 (27.50)52.65 (34.67, 79.95)51,569 (42.26)20 (19.05)19.41 (12.52, 30.07)0.37 (0.18, 0.78)0.0064
 Area 250,455 (54.70)58 (72.50)114.95 (88.88, 148.67)70,463 (57.76)85 (80.95)60.32 (48.77, 74.59)0.53 (0.36, 0.79)0.0014
  1. aDrowning information obtained over 1-year recall period
  2. bDrowning information obtained over an average 2-year implementation period