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Table 5 Bivariate analysis of injuries and outcomes by sex and by age for victims in recreational off-highway vehicle (ROV) related crashes presenting to a Level 1 trauma center from 2004 to 2017

From: Recreational off-highway vehicle crashes resulting in victims being treated at a regional trauma center: mechanisms and contributing factors

 SexAge
Male
n (Col %)a
Female
n (Col %)a
p value< 16 Years
n (Col %)a
> 16 Years
n (Col %)a
p value
Group N4527 3537 
 GCS
  1539 (89%)24 (89%)1.029 (83%)34 (94%)0.15
   < 155 (11%)3 (11%)6 (17%)2 (6%)
 Head injuryb
  Yes8 (22%)5 (26%)0.756 (25%)7 (23%)1.0
  No28 (78%)14 (74%)18 (75%)24 (77%)
 Face injuryb
  Yes9 (25%)2 (11%)0.306 (25%)5 (16%)0.51
  No27 (75%)17 (89%)18 (75%)26 (84%)
 Chest injuryb
  Yes9 (25%)3 (16%)0.514 (17%)8 (26%)0.52
  No27 (75%)16 (84%)20 (83%)23 (74%)
 Abdominal injuryb
  Yes4 (11%)2 (11%)1.02 (8%)4 (13%)0.69
  No32 (89%)17 (89%)22 (92%)27 (87%)
 Extremity injuryb
  Yes22 (61%)10 (53%)0.5814 (58%)18 (58%)1.0
  No14 (39%)9 (47%)10 (42%)13 (42%)
 External (skin) injuryb
  Yes18 (50%)10 (53%)1.012 (50%)16 (52%)1.0
  No18 (50%)9 (47%)12 (50%)15 (48%)
 ISS
   < 1538 (84%)25 (93%)0.4730 (86%)33 (89%)0.73
   > 157 (16%)2 (7%)5 (14%)4 (11%)
 Disposition
  Admitted35 (78%)18 (67%)0.4123 (66%)30 (81%)0.18
  Discharged10 (22%)9 (33%)12 (34%)7 (19%)
 ICU
  Yes13 (29%)6 (22%)0.5910 (29%)9 (24%)0.79
  No32 (71%)21 (78%)25 (71%)28 (76%)
 Ventilated
  Yes5 (11%)2 (7%)0.705 (14%)2 (5%)0.25
  No40 (89%)25 (93%)30 (86%)35 (95%)
  1. Abbreviations GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, ICU Intensive Care Unit, ISS Injury Severity Score
  2. aThe sum of n for a variable may not equal the total Group N due to missing values
  3. bBased on maximum abbreviated injury severity (MAIS) score; 0 = no injury, > 0 = injury
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