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Table 1 Characteristics of e-cigarette-related burn cases reported to poison control centers in the United States, 2010–2019

From: Burn injuries related to E-cigarettes reported to poison control centers in the United States, 2010–2019

CharacteristicsNumber (%) of E-Cigarette-Related Burn Cases
Overall (n = 69)
Information from National Poison Data System
 Age (Years)
   < 52 (2.9%)
  5–110 (0.0%)
  12–178 (11.5%)
  18–2420 (29.0%)
  25 +30 (43.5%)
  Unknown or Exact Age Unknown9 (13.0%)
  Female28 (40.6%)
  Male39 (56.5%)
  Unknown2 (2.9%)
 Call Site
  Heath Care Facility (HCF)48 (69.6%)
  Own Residence20 (29.0%)
  Unknown1 (1.5%)
 Level of Care at HCF
  Admitted to Hospital4 (5.8%)
  Treated, Evaluated, and Released45 (65.2%)
  Refused Referral or Did Not Arrive at HCF3 (4.4%)
  Lost to Follow-Up or Left AMA6 (8.7%)
  Not Referred11 (15.9%)
 Clinical Effect
  Superficial Burn40 (58.0%)
  2nd- 3rd Degree Burns25 (36.2%)
  Oral Burns5 (7.3%)
  Burns, Not Specified7 (10.1%)
 Medical Outcomea
  No Effect0 (0.0%)
  Minor Effect21 (30.4%)
  Moderate Effect33 (47.8%)
  Major Effect2 (2.9%)
  Death0 (0.0%)
  Not Followed or Unable to Follow13 (18.8%)
Information from Case Narrative Review
 Involved ENDS Explosion
  No24 (34.8%)
  Yes45 (65.2%)
 Involved Leaking
  Not Mentioned63 (91.3%)
  Yes6 (8.7%)
 Type of Burn
  Thermal42 (60.9%)
  Chemical21 (30.4%)
  Both Thermal and Chemical5 (7.2%)
  Not Specified1 (1.4%)
 Body Part Burned
  More than One Body Part18 (26.1%)
  Face Only (including eyes, nose, lip, and tongue)23 (33.3%)
  Leg/Thigh Only13 (18.8%)
  Hand Only10 (14.5%)
  Shoulder/Chest Only1 (1.4%)
  Genitals Only1 (1.4%)
  Not Specified3 (4.3%)
  1. aMedical outcome includes no effect (i.e., the patient did not develop any symptoms), minor effect (i.e., the patient exhibited some symptoms as a result of the exposure, but they were minimally bothersome to the patient and they usually resolve rapidly), moderate effect (i.e., the patient exhibited symptoms, which were more pronounced and prolonged than minor effect, but not life-threatening), and major effect (i.e., the patient developed symptoms which were life-threatening)