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Table 2 Level of care at a health care facility by medical outcome for e-cigarette-related burn cases reported to poison control centers in the United States, 2010–2019

From: Burn injuries related to E-cigarettes reported to poison control centers in the United States, 2010–2019

Level of Care at Health Care Facility (HCF)Medical Outcomeb
Total (n = 69)No Effect (n = 0)Minor Effect (n = 21)Moderate Effect (n = 33)Major Effect (n = 2)Not Followed or Unable to Follow (n = 13)
Admitted to Hospital4 (5.8%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)3 (9.1%)0 (0.0%)1 (7.7%)
Treated, Evaluated, and Released45 (65.2%)0 (0.0%)13 (61.9%)27 (81.8%)1 (50.0%)4 (30.8%)
Refused Referral or Did Not Arrive at HCF3 (4.4%)0 (0.0%)1 (4.8%)1 (3.0%)0 (0.0%)1 (7.7%)
Lost to Follow-Up or Left AMAa6 (8.7%)0 (0.0%)1 (4.8%)0 (0.0%)1 (50.0%)4 (30.8%)
Not Referred11 (15.9%)0 (0.0%)6 (28.6%)2 (6.1%)0 (0.0%)3 (23.1%)
  1. aAMA Against medical advice
  2. bMedical outcome includes no effect (i.e., the patient did not develop any symptoms), minor effect (i.e., the patient exhibited some symptoms as a result of the exposure, but they were minimally bothersome to the patient and they usually resolve rapidly), moderate effect (i.e., the patient exhibited symptoms, which were more pronounced and prolonged than minor effect, but not life-threatening), and major effect (i.e., the patient developed symptoms which were life-threatening)