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Table 1 Distribution of observed participant characteristics by domestic violence perpetration category in the LIFE Experiences Study

From: Life experiences associated with change in perpetration of domestic violence

 Total (n = 1617)Persisters (n = 154)Desisters (n = 128)Late-Onsetters (n = 87)Never Perpetrators (n = 1248)p-valuea
  % (n)
Primary predictors
Risk factors
  Loss of support6.9 (107)1.9 (11)12.7 (9)27.0 (13)5.6 (74)0.04
  Loss of food security9.8 (184)1.8 (12)7.6 (15)19.4 (21)10.2 (136)0.06
  Loss of housing15.2 (268)26.4 (25)23.5 (27)26.1 (30)12.7 (186)0.20
Protective factor
  Substance use cessation13.5 (189)5.2 (7)41.2 (38)1.5 (5)12.0 (139)< 0.001
Covariates
 Male39.4 (643)32.1 (52)49.6 (49)31.4 (33)39.5 (509)0.53
 Ageb
  31–4016.6 (194)17.7 (13)24.2 (22)16.2 (5)15.7 (154)0.18
  41–5032.8 (375)19.7 (39)49.1 (38)14.3 (15)33.3 (283)
  51–6028.9 (516)39.3 (53)13.3 (33)48.8 (43)28.5 (387)
  61+21.7 (532)23.4 (49)13.4 (35)20.7 (24)22.5 (424)
 Race/ethnicity
  White67.5 (1076)39.5 (75)66.1 (75)49.1 (57)71.3 (869)0.003
  Black8.2 (190)18.6 (34)3.4 (15)15.3 (11)7.3 (130)
  Hispanic7.0 (111)2.6 (12)20.2 (18)7.6 (6)5.9 (75)
  All other17.4 (240)39.4 (33)10.3 (20)28.1 (13)15.5 (174)
 Income
   ≤ $500034.2 (579)45.1 (71)41.8 (41)44.8 (34)31.9 (433)0.71
   > $5000 – $10,00018.5 (379)17.2 (35)22.2 (33)16.3 (21)18.3 (290)
   > $10,000 – $20,00018.5 (358)15.2 (28)8.5 (31)11.5 (19)20.2 (280)
   > $20,00028.9 (301)22.5 (20)27.6 (23)27.4 (13)29.7 (245)
 Childhood abuse55.2 (1015)91.5 (129)69.8 (102)85.0 (70)48.7 (714)< 0.001
 Childhood bullying53.2 (914)73.6 (93)65.5 (91)53.2 (54)50.0 (676)0.10
 Childhood support68.0 (1061)58.9 (85)61.8 (76)55.0 (49)70.2 (851)0.41
 Physical DV victimization35.4 (682)64.2 (113)53.5 (82)69.4 (59)28.9 (428)< 0.001
  1. Note: Percentages shown are survey weighted. Sample sizes are unweighted, and variables are presented with no imputation for missingness. Missing data: DV perpetration (n = 251, 12%), loss of support (n = 240, 11%), loss of food security (n = 260, 12%), loss of housing (n = 104, 5%), substance use cessation (n = 248, 12%), covariates (n = 201, 9%)
  2. ap values based χ2-tests
  3. bAge is included as a continuous variable in the analysis but is shown descriptively in categories in this table