Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of drivers involved in fatal 2-vehicle crashes by crash initiation status, Fatality Analysis Reporting System, 2011–2016

From: Direct and indirect effects of marijuana use on the risk of fatal 2-vehicle crash initiation

Driver characteristic Initiatorsa
n = 5856
N (%)
Noninitiatorsb
n = 5856
N (%)
P value
Age, years
 16–24 1517 (25.9) 899 (15.4) < 0.0001
 25–34 1457 (24.9) 1078 (18.4)  
 35–44 843 (14.4) 981 (16.8)  
 45–54 713 (12.2) 1085 (18.6)  
 55–64 549 (9.4) 985 (16.8)  
  ≥ 65 775 (13.2) 822 (14.1)  
Sex
 Female 1679 (28.7) 1723 (29.4) 0.4268
 Male 4175 (71.3) 4133 (70.6)  
Crash in the past 3 years
 Yes 1309 (23.0) 1098 (19.2) < 0.0001
 No 4385 (77.0) 4606 (80.8)  
DWI conviction in the past 3 years
 Yes 338 (5.8) 163 (2.8) 0.0009
 No 5494 (94.2) 5677 (97.2)  
Speeding conviction in the past 3 years
 Yes 1250 (21.4) 1000 (17.1) < 0.0001
 No 4582 (78.6) 4840 (82.9)  
License suspension in the past 3 years
 Yes 1090 (18.7) 582 (10.0) < 0.0001
 No 4742 (81.3) 5258 (90.0)  
Tested positive for marijuana
 Yes 942 (16.1) 541 (9.2) < 0.0001
 No 4914 (83.9) 5315 (90.8)  
Tested positive for alcohol
  ≥ 0.01 1673 (28.6) 569 (9.7) < 0.0001
 0.00 4183 (71.4) 5287 (90.3)  
Survival status
 Dead 3253 (55.5) 2456 (41.9) < 0.0001
 Alive 2603 (44.5) 3400 (58.1)  
  1. Abbreviation: DWI Driving while intoxicated
  2. aAmong initiators 2 had missing data on age, 2 on sex, 24 on speeding conviction, 24 on license suspension, 24 on DWI conviction, and 162 on crash within the past 3 years
  3. bAmong noninitiators, 2 had missing data on age, 16 on speeding conviction, 16 on license suspension, 16 on DWI conviction, and 152 on crash within the past 3 years
\