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Table 3 Negative Binomial Regression Estimates of Injuries Due to Dog Bites, New York State and New York City, 2005–2018

From: The changing epidemiology of dog bite injuries in the United States, 2005–2018

Variable Exp(b) 95% CI
Time
 Year 1.086** 1.029–1.145
 Year Squared 0.995** 0.991–0.998
Place
 New York City 0.714*** 0.644–0.791
 New York State minus New York City (ref. category)  
Gender
 Female 0.895* 0.810–0.990
 Male (ref. category)  
Age category
 0 to 4 2.034*** 1.681–2.462
 5 to 9 2.821*** 2.332–3.413
 10 to 14 2.374*** 1.961–2.873
 15 to 19 1.991*** 1.645–2.410
 20 to 44 1.721*** 1.424–2.080
 45 to 64 1.501*** 1.242–1.813
 65 and older (ref. category)  
Race/Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White 0.950 0.824–1.094
 Non-Hispanic Black 1.060 0.919–1.221
 Non-Hispanic Asian 0.460*** 0.398–0.532
 Hispanic (ref. category)  
  1. Significance level: * p < 0.05
  2. **p < 0.01
  3. ***p < 0.001
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