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Table 4 Chi-squared analysis of relationship between driving-related variables and noncompliance with mandatory seatbelt-use law while driving in adult working population, Kuwait, October 2017. (N = 822)

From: Prevalence of and factors associated with self-reported noncompliance with mandatory seatbelt-use law while driving among adults in Kuwait

Variable Category total Noncompliance with seatbelt-use law (n = 456; 55.5%), p-value
n (%)
Involved in RTC    0.133
 Yes 261 135 (51.7)  
 No 560 321 (57.3)  
Believe seatbelt protects from injuries during RTC    <  0.001
 Yes 762 410 (53.8)  
 No 58 46 (79.3)  
Ever been fined for not using seatbelt    < 0.001
 Yes 195 157 (80.5)  
 No 620 298 (48.1)  
Does Kuwait have mandatory seatbelt use law?    0.001
 Yes 522 268 (51.3)  
 No 299 188 (62.9)  
Is law regarding seatbelt effectively enforced?    0.046
 Yes 194 89 (45.9)  
 No 326 179 (54.9)  
While driving, do you usually speed over limit?    0.322
 Always 53 32 (60.4)  
 Often 106 60 (56.6)  
 Sometimes 261 156 (59.8)  
 Rarely 199 99 (49.7)  
 Never 172 90 (52.3)  
 Don’t know 7 4 (57.1)  
Do you use mobile phone while driving?    0.09
 No 121 51 (42.1)  
 Yes 699 405 (57.9)  
What government should do to increase seatbelt-use?    0.624
 Raise awareness 399 225 (56.4)  
 Educational programs for children  61 36 (59.0)  
 Increase the penalty for not Wearing seatbelt 315 167 (53.0)  
 Other 46 28 (60.9)  
Participants’ proposed penalty for not wearing seatbelt    0.001
 No penalty 58 43 (74.1)  
 Imposition of heavy fine 400 230 (57.5)  
 Confiscation of driving license 170 82 (48.2)  
 Confiscate your car 87 50 (57.5)  
 1 to 30 days in prison 56 20 (35.7)  
 Other 43 26 (60.5)  
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