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Table 2 Individual-and community-level variables and homicide case clearance, by Victim/Neighborhood racial/ethnic characteristics, Indianapolis, IN, 2007–2017

From: Neighborhood variation in unsolved homicides: a retrospective cohort study in Indianapolis, Indiana, 2007–2017

  Model A Model B Model C
  All Victims,
All Neighborhoods
N = 1320
African American Victims, All Neighborhoods
n = 908
Minority Neighborhoods, All Victims
n = 674
  OR Std. Error OR Std. Error OR Std. Error
Victim Characteristics
 Minority race/ethnicity .566 .095 .896 .264
 Male sex .576 .099 .538 .119 .483 .121
 Age, years
  0–13 3.10 1.44 4.29 2.73 5.80 4.46
  14–17 1.41 .481 1.54 .577 1.27 .549
  25–29 .800 .149 .767 .160 .743 .183
  30–34 .667 .131 .652 .143 .508 .135
  35 and older .862 .135 .669 .122 .654 .134
Homicide Year
 2009–2011 1.32 .227 1.19 .249 1.29 .310
 2012–2014 1.45 .236 1.12 .214 1.25 .273
 2015–2017 .812 .134 .641 .125 .820 .185
Community Characteristics
 Resident Complaints against Police Rate 1.08 .158 1.33 .225 1.47 .296
 Resident Complaints about Community Disorder Rate .687 .122 .656 .135 .611 .152
 Violent Crime Rate .910 .170 .733 .161 .730 .182
 Shots Fired Run Rate .752 .136 .773 .158 .816 .187
 Arrest Rate 1.65 .294 1.93 .417 1.75 .441
 Gini Index .244 .247 .402 .465 .427 .590
 Percent Minority Neighborhood .511 .071 .547 .087
 Constant 6.18 1.55 4.38 1.27 2.94 1.15
  1. Bold values statistically significant at p < 0.05 Reference categories – Age: 18–24 years old; Year: 2007–2008
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