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Table 3 Frequency and proportion of Abbreviated Injury Scale 2+ injuries by detailed body regionsb and drowning

From: Characterization of fatal injuries in oil and gas industry-related helicopter accidents in the Gulf of Mexico, 2004–2014

Detailed body group Non-drowning % (column) Drowning % (column) All % (column)
Head, nerves 4 1.9 1 2.0 5 1.9
Basilar skull fx 4 1.9 0 0.0 4 1.5
Vault skull fx 3 1.5 0 0.0 3 1.1
Brain, severe 7 3.4 3 5.9 10 3.7
Brain, moderate 6 2.9 9 17.6 15 5.6
Facial fx 1 0.5 0 0.0 1 0.4
Neck, non-spine 1 0.5 0 0.0 1 0.4
Thorax, skeletal 25 12.1 11 21.6 36 13.3
Thorax, organ 51 24.8 11 21.6 62 23.0
Abdomen, tissue 2 1.0 0 0.0 2 0.7
Abdomen, organs 24 11.7 2 3.9 26 9.6
C-spine 4 1.9 3 5.9 7 2.6
T-spine 5 2.4 2 3.9 7 2.6
L-spine 1 0.5 3 5.9 4 1.5
Upper ext, tissues 2 1.0 1 2.0 3 1.1
Shoulder 7 3.4 0 0.0 7 2.6
Arm 11 5.3 0 0.0 11 4.1
Pelvis 8 3.9 2 3.9 10 3.7
Thigh 3 1.5 1 2.0 4 1.5
Knee complex 0 0.0 1 2.0 1 0.4
Leg 19 9.2 1 2.0 20 7.4
Ankle/foot 13 6.3 0 0.0 13 4.8
Lower ext, tissues 3 1.5 0 0.0 3 1.1
Burns 2 1.0 0 0.0 2 0.7
Total 206 100.1a 51 100.0 257 100.0
  1. aPercentages do not add to 100.0 because of rounding
  2. bDetailed body region categories based on Forman et al. 2019
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