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Table 3 Estimated prevalence of risk factors associated with self-harm behaviors for the group of patients with (n = 95) and without (n = 112) provider-documented suicide attempt

From: An emergency department medical record review for adolescent intentional self-harm injuries

Risk Factors Cases with Provider Documentation for Suicide Attempt (N = 95) Cases Without Provider Documentation for Suicide Attempt (N = 112) P-value
N % N %
Suicidal ideation 74 77.9% 41 36.61% <.0001
History of depressed mood disorder 69 72.9% 74 66.07% 0.31
History of mental health treatment (medication/counseling) 69 72.9% 75 66.96% 0.38
History of substance abuse/dependence treatment 8 8.4% 11 9.82% 0.73
Crisis within last two weeks 11 11.6% 7 6.25% 0.18
Work-related stressors 1 1.1% 3 2.68% 0.40
School-related stressors 57 60.0% 51 45.54% 0.04
Relationship stressors/Lack of social support 75 78.9% 63 56.25% 0.001
Financial stressors 4 4.2% 4 3.57% 0.81
Patient is a victim of bullying 22 23.2% 22 19.64% 0.54
Patient is a victim of physical abuse 18 18.9% 7 6.25% 0.005
Patient is a victim of sexual abuse 20 21.1% 16 14.29% 0.20
Patient has a physical disability or health problem 3 3.2% 9 8.04% 0.13
Recent death of friend or family member (non-suicide) 14 14.7% 17 15.18% 0.93
Anniversary of a traumatic event 1 1.1% 1 0.89% 0.91
History of suicide attempts 33 34.7% 12 10.71% <.0001
History of expressed suicidal thoughts 44 46.3% 32 28.57% 0.01
History of expressed suicidal plans 14 14.7% 9 8.04% 0.13
Legal/criminal problems 10 10.5% 11 9.82% 0.86
Patient is a current/recent prisoner 1 1.1% 0 0% 0.28
Housing instability/Homelessness 8 8.4% 11 9.82% 0.73
Family history of depression 40 42.1% 33 29.46% 0.06
Family history of suicide or suicide attempt 29 30.5% 12 10.71% 0.0004
Foster care 7 7.4% 10 8.93% 0.67
Recent move 6 6.3% 5 4.46% 0.55
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