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Table 2 Mechanisms of accidental fall injuries and involved factors, Shenkursk District, January 2015–June 2018

From: Mechanisms of accidental fall injuries and involved injury factors: a registry-based study

 Age groups**
Preschool
0–6 years
(N = 84)
School
7–17 years
(N = 294)
Working
18–59 years
(N = 736)
Elderly
60+ years
(N = 437)
n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)
Mechanism of preceding activity
 Walking14 (16.7)111 (37.8)414 (56.3)269 (61.6)
 Physical exercise16 (19.0)79 (26.9)31 (4.2)4 (0.9)
 Running13 (15.5)34 (11.6)4 (0.5)
 Climbing up/down18 (21.4)18 (6.1)14 (1.9)5 (1.1)
 Going on stairs6 (7.1)29 (9.9)70 (9.5)34 (7.8)
 Sitting and lying13 (15.5)6 (2.0)14 (1.9)23 (5.3)
 Standing4 (4.8)9 (3.1)59 (8.0)25 (5.7)
 Working at home or garden6 (2.0)64 (8.7)29 (6.6)
 Carrying something2 (0.7)66 (9.0)48 (11.0)
Factors involved in mechanism of preceding activity
 No factor reported26 (31.0)150 (51.0)382 (51.9)267 (61.1)
 Sport and play equipment13 (15.5)80 (27.2)29 (3.9)4 (0.9)
 Stairs in a building5 (6.0)24 (8.2)34 (4.6)8 (1.8)
 Furniture17 (20.2)3 (1.0)3 (0.4)12 (2.7)
 Wooden object4 (4.8)4 (1.4)54 (7.3)15 (3.4)
 Porch1 (1.2)6 (2.0)59 (8.0)30 (6.9)
 Loose household items34 (4.6)34 (7.8)
 Other factors*18 (21.5)27 (9.2)141 (19.1)67 (15.3)
Accident mechanism
 Slipping13 (15.5)101 (34.4)426 (57.9)216 (49.4)
 Stepping wrong14 (16.7)68 (23.1)122 (16.6)51 (11.7)
 Stumbling over something13 (15.5)41 (13.9)74 (10.1)76 (17.4)
 Loss of balance35 (41.7)55 (18.7)47 (6.4)17 (3.9)
 Faintness14 (1.9)62 (14.2)
 Other*9 (10.8)29 (9.9)53 (7.2)15 (3.5)
Factors involved in accident mechanism
 Internal human factor46 (54.8)114 (38.8)161 (21.9)124 (28.4)
 Ice-covered surface6 (7.1)85 (28.9)337 (45.8)173 (39.6)
 Sport and play equipment6 (7.1)23 (7.8)11 (1.5)3 (0.7)
 Another human6 (7.1)14 (4.8)9 (1.2)
 Part of building inside2 (2.4)12 (4.1)22 (3.0)26 (5.9)
 Wooden object3 (3.6)9 (3.1)39 (5.3)26 (5.9)
 Wet surface outside / inside1 (1.2)10 (3.4)62 (8.4)35 (8.0)
 Furniture6 (7.1)2 (0.7)15 (2.0)3 (0.7)
 Other factors*8 (9.5)25 (8.5)80 (10.8)47 (10.7)
Injury mechanism
 Fall on the same level37 (44.0)220 (74.8)520 (70.7)360 (82.4)
 Fall on stairs10 (11.9)37 (12.6)138 (18.8)56 (12.8)
 Fall from a height of <1.5 m32 (38.1)17 (5.8)33 (4.5)17 (3.9)
 Fall from a height of > 1.5 m5 (6.0)20 (6.8)45 (6.1)4 (0.9)
Factors involved in injury mechanism
 Surface outside31 (36.9)183 (62.2)489 (66.4)245 (56.1)
 Surface inside31 (36.9)67 (22.8)119 (16.2)109 (24.9)
 Wooden object3 (3.6)13 (4.4)52 (7.1)34 (7.8)
 Sport and play equipment16 (5.4)5 (0.7)
 Furniture11 (13.1)1 (0.3)15 (2.0)23 (5.3)
 Other factors*8 (9.5)14 (4.8)56 (7.6)26 (5.9)
  1. *Combines categories accounting for < 5% of observations in all age groups
  2. ** p-values for group comparisons on all presented characteristics are < 0.001