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Table 3 Panel Models of Child Abuse Injury Incidence per 1000, 2010–2014

From: Criminal punishment and violent injury in Minnesota

  (1) (2) (3)
LFO per Capita −0.002 (−0.014|0.010)   
Confinement Load   0.018 (−0.094|0.129)  
Probation Load    −0.014 (− 0.046|0.018)
Percent Hispanic 0.004 (−0.315|0.323) 0.012 (− 0.305|0.329) −0.004 (− 0.323|0.314)
Percent Black − 0.045 (− 0.405|0.315) −0.037 (− 0.398|0.323) −0.053 (− 0.413|0.307)
Percent Other 0.086 (− 0.123|0.296) 0.083 (− 0.126|0.292) 0.085 (− 0.124|0.294)
Percent Native American 0.198 (− 0.136|0.532) 0.206 (− 0.126|0.539) 0.164 (− 0.182|0.509)
Percent Biracial 0.062 (− 0.218|0.343) 0.073 (− 0.207|0.353) 0.050 (− 0.232|0.332)
Percent Asian −0.029 (− 0.425|0.366) −0.025 (− 0.420|0.370) −0.044 (− 0.441|0.353)
Percent HPI 0.024 (− 0.978|1.026) 0.033 (− 0.969|1.034) 0.037 (− 0.964|1.038)
Marriage Rate 0.125 (− 0.053|0.302) 0.122 (− 0.056|0.300) 0.126 (− 0.051|0.304)
Median Age 0.129 (− 0.078|0.337) 0.132 (− 0.075|0.339) 0.134 (− 0.072|0.341)
Percent SSI/SNAP −0.005 (− 0.163|0.153) −0.001 (− 0.159|0.156) −0.004 (− 0.161|0.153)
Percent Bachelor’s Degree 0.061 (− 0.121|0.243) 0.069 (− 0.110|0.248) 0.054 (− 0.127|0.236)
Percent Male 0.025 (− 0.293|0.344) 0.027 (− 0.291|0.345) 0.028 (− 0.290|0.345)
Percent No Work −0.095 (− 0.217|0.028) −0.095 (− 0.217|0.027) −0.096 (− 0.218|0.026)
County FE Yes Yes Yes
Year FE Yes Yes Yes
Observations 435 435 435
R2 0.028 0.028 0.030
  1. 95% Confidence Intervals in parentheses