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Table 3 Demographics and Injury Characteristics by PICU Admission

From: US children of minority race are less likely to be admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit after traumatic injury, a retrospective analysis of a single pediatric trauma center

  PICU Yes (n = 195) PICU No (n = 381) p-value
Age (years)* 6.0 [2.1–12.0] 9.0 [5.0–13.3] p < 0.001
Gender (male) 127 (65.1%) 260 (68.2%) p = 0.596
Minority (yes) 79 (40.5%) 224 (58.8%) p < 0.001
Estimated Household Income Below Poverty Level (yes) 29 (14.9%) 107 (28.1%) p < 0.001
Trauma Activation (full) 64 (32.8%) 28 (7.3%) p < 0.001
Trauma Type (penetrating) 19 (9.7%) 33 (8.7%) p = 0.333
Intentional Trauma (yes)# 36 (18.5%) 41 (10.8%) p = 0.013
ISS$ 9 [5–16] 2 [1–5] p < 0.001
Operative Procedure^ 67 (34.4%) 61 (16.0%) p < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations and Definitions: PICU pediatric intensive care unit, ISS injury severity score; “Minority” defined as Black, Hispanic ethnicity, Native American, or “other” race; “Below Poverty Level” defined as living in a ZIP code where the estimated median annual household income for a family of 4 is less than the 2014 federal poverty level (<$23,850); *2 subjects with missing age data; #6 subjects with intentionality of trauma unknown; $6 subjects with unknown ISS; ^2 subjects with unknown surgical data; data presented as median [interquartile range], n (%)