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Table 4 Multivariate Model of Demographics and Injury Characteristics Associated with PICU Admission

From: US children of minority race are less likely to be admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit after traumatic injury, a retrospective analysis of a single pediatric trauma center

Demographics and Injury Characteristics Coefficient OR [95% C.I.] p-value
Age (years) −0.122 0.885 [0.846–0.927] p < 0.001
Minority (yes) −0.709 0.492 [0.298–0.813] p = 0.006
Estimated Household Income Below Poverty Level (yes) −0.437 0.646 [0.343–1.218] p = 0.177
Trauma Activation (full) 1.889 6.614 [3.143–13.918] p < 0.001
ISS Score 0.188 1.207 [1.153–1.265] p < 0.001
Intentional Trauma (yes) 0.003 0.997 [0.449–2.214] p = 0.994
Operative Procedure 0.054 1.055 [0.614–1.816] p = 0.845
  1. Abbreviations and Definitions: PICU pediatric intensive care unit, OR odds ratio, C.I., confidence interval; ISS, injury severity score; “Minority” defined as Black, Hispanic ethnicity, Native American, or “other” race; “Below Poverty Level” defined as living in a ZIP code where the estimated median annual household income for a family of 4 is less than the 2014 federal poverty level (<$23,850); variance inflation factor ranged 1.04–1.49 for independent variables