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Table 5 Demographics and Injury Characteristics Associated with a Prolonged PICU Length of Stay

From: US children of minority race are less likely to be admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit after traumatic injury, a retrospective analysis of a single pediatric trauma center

  Prolonged PICU LOS Yes (n = 50) Prolonged PICU LOS No (n = 145) p-value
Age (years)* 4.9 [1.0–12.3] 6.0 [2.3–12.0] p = 0.358
Gender (male) 32 (64.0%) 95 (65.5%) p = 0.982
Minority (yes) 31 (62.0%) 48 (33.1%) p < 0.001
Estimated Household Income Below Poverty Level (yes) 9 (18.0%) 20 (13.8%) p = 0.624
Trauma Activation (full) 30 (60.0%) 34 (23.5%) p < 0.001
Trauma Type (penetrating) 11 (22.0%) 8 (5.5%) p = 0.003
Intentional Trauma (yes)# 21 (42.0%) 15 (10.3%) p < 0.001
ISS$ 17.5 [9.8–22.8] 9 [4.0–11.0] p < 0.001
Operative Procedure^ 35 (70.0%) 32 (22.1%) p < 0.001
Organ Failure (yes) 45 (80.0%) 52 (35.9%) p < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations and Definitions: PICU pediatric intensive care unit, LOS length of stay, ISS injury severity score, "Prolonged PICU LOS" defined as >2.5 days; “Minority” defined as Black, Hispanic ethnicity, Native American, or “other” race; “Below Poverty Level” defined as living in a ZIP code where the estimated median annual household income for a family of 4 is less than the 2014 federal poverty level (<$23,850); *2 subjects with missing age data; #6 subjects with intentionality of trauma unknown; $6 subjects with unknown ISS; ^2 subjects with unknown surgical data; data presented as median [interquartile range], n (%)